Darwinian Racism: How Darwinism Influenced Hitler, Nazism and White Nationalism

Suffering is a commodity. Two recent events demonstrated this. On March 27, 2022, Will Smith slapped Chris Rock at the Academy Awards. Many prominent African Americans, including Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Wanda Sykes, condemned Smith’s choice to resort to violence. Race hustlers, though, depicted Will Smith as a victim of white supremacy. The Guardian ran a piece calling reaction to Will Smith an example of “downright racist … anti-blackness … inequality in plain sight.” “Race scholar” and Loyola Marymount University Professor Maia Niguel Hoskin wrote that the slap “is about … White supremacist culture designed to police the behavior of Blacks.” Others focused on Jada Pinkett Smith as a victim. “How a black woman’s hair grows out of her head has been a constant battle in this country … while at the same time celebrating white women for fitting your styles … Humiliating a black woman fighting for equality is not a ha-ha moment. Making fun of a black woman a week after we saw Ketanji Brown Jackson’s ambush” proves that “racism always finds a way,” wrote columnist Jeneé Osterheldt.

A similar process of victim-mongering occurred after Ketanji Brown Jackson was nominated for the Supreme Court. My Facebook page was flooded with memes depicting Jackson as a helpless Little Match Girl facing off against big, scary, white male dragons.

In fact, of course, Smith is worth an estimated $350 million. He is one of the most profitable and popular film stars who has ever lived. Jackson is the child of two professionals. She attended Harvard and married surgeon Patrick Jackson, a Boston Brahmin and descendant of a Continental Congress delegate and also a relative of Oliver Wendell Holmes and former House Speaker Paul Ryan. She is a millionaire. White male Joe Biden guaranteed her elevation by vowing, in a political promise to help him win an election, to nominate only black women to the SCOTUS. Ilya Shapiro, a white man, tweeted that Sri Srinavasan, an Indian immigrant, was the best qualified person to be the next SCOTUS nominee. Shapiro was suspended from his job for this tweet. Neither alleged “white male privilege” nor the first amendment guarantee of free speech protected Shapiro from workplace retaliation for expressing his opinion. Senate questions for Jackson were brief and mild compared to the trials-by-fire endured by conservative nominees Clarence Thomas, Robert Bork, Brett Kavanaugh, and Amy Coney Barrett.

Slavery, Jim Crow, and white supremacy are all too real and unspeakably evil. But rushing to attribute criticism of Will Smith or the Senate questioning of Ketanji Brown Jackson to past evils is not warranted by the facts. People made those connections because they commodify suffering to gain political ends. In this approach, suffering belongs exclusively to African Americans. Race hustlers are currently depicting war-ravaged Ukrainians as enjoying white privilege, as Joy Reid did in her March 7, 2022 broadcast.

Evil, like suffering, is also commodified. Powerbrokers rush to monopolize the evil Nazis committed to serve their own narrative ends. This commodification and monopolizing of evil interferes with our desire to understand.  

Americans have been struggling for ninety years in their effort to tell the Nazi story accurately. This effort is recorded, inter alia, in Peter Novick’s 2000 book, The Holocaust in American Life, Tom Segev’s The Seventh Million: The Israelis and the Holocaust, the This American Life episode “Before It Had a Name” and the documentary “Imaginary Witness: Hollywood and the Holocaust.” It’s hard to believe now, but there was a time when Hollywood moguls were fearful of making accurate films addressing Nazism. There was a time when Holocaust survivors and those who recorded their stories, both in the US and in Israel, were ignored and silenced. In the Soviet Bloc, the unique victimization of Jews under Nazism was suppressed to near invisibility. There was a time, even after the publication of Mein Kampf, when mainstream American and British magazines focused on the interior decorating of Hitler’s homes. In these articles, Hitler was referred to as “charming.”

In much American media produced before, during, and immediately after World War II, Hitler was seen as a lone madman, unconnected to previous history or culture, and Nazism almost as a kind of virus – an alien force that infected otherwise innocent Germans. There was a great deal of emphasis on depicting “good Germans,” so that Americans could learn to hate Nazis while not hating all Germans, because Germans were an important part of America’s cultural and economic life. This process of condemning Nazism while shielding German identity from hatred is exemplified by the 1951 best-picture-nominee, “Decision before Dawn.” See a discussion of how diligently this film works to exculpate “ordinary Germans” from any guilt, here.

In profound contrast to this approach, in 1996, Daniel Jonah Goldhagen published Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. This book became a bestseller and an international sensation. The book was accused, by serious scholars, of being racist against Germans. Goldhagen, his critics alleged, depicted Germanness itself as the guilty party. “No Germans, no Holocaust,” as Goldhagen put it. While others pointed to a perfect storm leading up to Hitler’s rise, including Germany’s defeat in World War I, the violent rise of Communism in Russia, the Versailles Treaty, the Depression, etc, Goldhagen insisted that “Not economic hardship, not the coercive means of a totalitarian state, not social psychological pressure,” caused Germans to kill, but rather their own anti-Semitism. Raul Hilberg, the “founder of the academic field of Holocaust studies,” said that Goldhagen depicted Germans as being possessed of “a medieval-like incubus, a demon latent in the German mind … waiting for the chance to strike out.” Hilberg said that Goldhagen is “totally wrong about everything.”

Another big change in how the story of Nazism has been told is in how various retellings depict Christians and Christianity. Nazism’s ultimate goal was to eliminate Christianity (see hereherehereherehere.) See, for example, this photo of a Nazi shooting Father Piotr Sosnowski to death, or priests murdered in Bydgoszcz, here. In material produced before and during the war, journalists and filmmakers recorded Nazi persecution of Christians. See, for example, “Nazi Persecution of the Catholic Church Shows They Fear It,” from the June 1, 1936 New York Timesor “3 Faiths Protest Nazi Persecution: A Catholic, Protestant and Jew Represent the Conquered Peoples at Meeting Here” from the November 14, 1941 issue. The Times covered clergy who resisted the Nazis, including Dutch Archbishop Johannes de Jong, German Bishop von Galen, Belgian Cardinal van Roey, Norwegian Lutheran Bishop Eivind Berggrav, Serbian Orthodox Patriarch Gavrilo, and the Swiss Calvinist Karl Barth.

The 1943 Hollywood feature film, Hitler’s Madman dramatized the real-life assassination of top Nazi Reinhard Heydrich by Czechoslovak partisans, and the subsequent retaliatory Nazi massacre of the Czech village of Lidice. In that film, Heydrich plows his car through a Czech Christian festival, and one of Heydrich’s men shoots the village priest dead. In real life, Heydrich was anti-Christian and he identified “clerics” as well as Jews as among the German people’s “eternal” “enemies.” Heydrich devised ways to close and limit operation of churches.

Popular attention to Nazi persecution of Catholics and other Christians changed dramatically after the 1963 play, “The Deputy.” “The Deputy” insinuated that Pope Pius XII shared guilt for the Holocaust. One image promoting the work depicts a monstrous face wearing a grotesque caricature of Catholic vestments. One of the eyes in the face is replaced with a swastika. Nazism = Catholicism, the image communicates. Playwright Rolf Hochhuth was a former Hitler Youth member. Hochhuth went on to make other shocking allegations. For example, his 1967 play Soldiers, An Obituary for Geneva suggested that Winston Churchill plotted the murder of the Prime Minister of the Polish Government in Exile, General Wladyslaw Sikorski. There is clearly a pattern here; Hochhuth wrote plays that denigrated WW II heroes of the Allied side. Hochhuth also praised Holocaust-denier David Irving as a “fabulous pioneer of contemporary history.” Ion Mihai Pacepa, the highest ranking defector from the Soviet Bloc to the West, and author of the book Disinformation, alleged that Hochhuth’s play was part of a KGB campaign. Whether Hochhuth intended it or not, his tarnishing of Western anti-Nazi figures like Churchill and Pope Pius XII served Soviet interests.

John Cornwell’s 1999 book Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII and Daniel Jonah Goldhagen’s 2003 book A Moral Reckoning: The Role of the Catholic Church in the Holocaust and Its Unfulfilled Duty of Repair are representational of more recent works condemning Catholics and Catholicism for Holocaust guilt. Both works were criticized as severely flawed (see herehere and here).

Anti-Semitism from Christians is an undeniable historical fact, and confronting that fact in an honest way with a view to repentance and reconciliation is a good thing, and has been pursued by the Vatican for decades, and, indeed, for centuries. Too many Christians were at worst complicit in genocide and were at least not as heroic as, say, Franz JägerstätterSophie SchollDietrich Bonhoeffer, or the Ulma Family, all of whom were martyred for their resistance to Nazism. What is not a good thing is the distortion of history by politics. “History is politics projected into the past,” said Mikhail Pokrovsky, the Russian Marxist historian. We deserve a better approach to history.

In fact the Catholic Church was notorious among intellectual elites one hundred years ago. It was notorious because official Catholic teaching insisted on human equality, an insistence that defied then current scientific racism, that argued against human equality on scientific grounds. Noteworthy Catholic documents on the equality of humans include, for example, the 1537 Sublimis Deus, which argues for the full humanity of the then recently discovered Native Americans; the 1888 In Plurimis, which argues for the full humanity of enslaved persons; Pius XI’s 1938 statement that “Anti-Semitism is inadmissible. Spiritually, we are Semites,” as well as his 1937 encyclical Mit brennender Sorge. Yes, Catholics have certainly been bigoted and have committed crimes inspired by their bigotry. But official Catholic Church teaching has insisted, for centuries, on human equality, and, again, during the rise of scientific racism one hundred years ago, this stance was seen as backward and anti-science.

Today, though, it has become conventional in university classrooms, in the press and in popular books and films, to conflate Nazism with Christianity. For one example, see this 2022 Reddit thread. An author attributes the Holocaust to an alleged Christian “two thousand year hatred” for Jews without which “there never could have been the Holocaust.”

For the “Nazism is Christian” narrative to work, one must forget that the first and last victims of a Nazi mass killing campaign were not Jews, but were, rather, handicapped Germans. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum lists the following numbers for civilians killed: Jews, six million. Soviet civilians, seven million. Non-Jewish Polish civilians, 1.8 million. Further down, the list records deaths of hundreds of thousands of Serb civilians, people with handicaps, Roma, aka Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, “asocials,” German political prisoners, and homosexuals. Nazis persecuted mixed-race Germans, that is Germans with one African parent, forcing them to undergo sterilization. Nazis murdered three million Soviet POWs. Soviet POWs were the first to be gassed with Zyklon B. They were also shot and starved to death. German Nazis did not treat American or British POWs this way. If the death toll includes military deaths, Nazis killed 24 million Soviet citizens. How to explain these deaths?

No group suffered the same percentage loss as Jews. Nazis murdered over 60% of all Europe’s pre-war Jewish population. Numbers of Gypsies killed are uncertain; by one estimate, half of Europe’s Gypsies were killed by Nazis. Most of these Gypsies were Christian. Even hard-hit Slavic countries like Poland, Belarus, and Russia did not lose that high a percentage of their non-Jewish populations. Even so, we are still talking about millions dead. To personalize those millions of non-Jewish, largely Slavic deaths, think of Czeslawa Kwoka. This sweet-faced, 14-year-old Polish Catholic girl was imprisoned, beaten, and died in Auschwitz. Why did Nazis murder Polish Catholic children, not just in Auschwitz but also in Kinder-KZ Litzmannstadt, a Nazi concentration camp specifically for Polish, Catholic children, children as young as two years old? Why did an SS man force children to watch as he decapitated a 12-year-old Polish Catholic boy? Why did Nazis place 7-year-old Halina Bukowiecka on a train with other Polish Catholic children, without food or water, for a days-long trip to Germany, where she and others would be mistreated and sometimes killed? The Nazism = Christianity explanation fails to explain these atrocities against largely Christian, civilian victims. We need another explanation.

Daniel Jonah Goldhagen exercises “considerable distortion” to write off the persecution of non-Jews as “incidental … mere tactical operations.” Goldhagen’s dismissal is wrong. Soviet POWs, handicapped Germans, persons with one African and one German parent, Polish Catholic two-year-olds: what ties all these targeted populations together is not Christian anti-Semitism, but rather Nazism’s biological focus, a focus sometimes called “scientific racism,” “social Darwinism,” or “eugenics.” All of these diverse populations, in their millions, were deemed “life unworthy of life,” and a biological threat to Germany.

Nazism advanced a new ethic, a new ethic that explicitly rejected Christianity and was informed by scientific racism. Germans should be kind and loving – to other Germans. Germans should ruthlessly exploit and then mass murder those not conducive to German advancement. SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler, in his speeches, stated this new ethic quite succinctly.

“We will have to deal with Christianity in a tougher way than hitherto. We must settle accounts with this Christianity, this greatest of plagues that could have happened to us in our history, which has weakened us in every conflict … We shall once again have to find a new scale of values for our people … everything that we do must be justifiable vis-à-vis the clan, our ancestors. If we do not secure this moral foundation which is the deepest and best because the most natural, we will not be able to overcome Christianity on this plane and create the Germanic Reich which will be a blessing for the earth … We must be honest, decent, loyal, and comradely to members of our own blood and nobody else … Whether nations live in prosperity or starve to death interests me only in so far as we need them as slaves for our culture … Whether ten thousand Russian females fall down from exhaustion while digging an anti-tank ditch interests me only in so far as the anti-tank ditch for Germany is finished.”

Himmler stated the Nazi ethic explicitly in recorded speeches. Why, then, does one still encounter, in social media debates on the internet, in college classrooms, and in high-profile published books and journalism, so little about the role scientific racism played in Nazism, and so much about Christian anti-Semitism? Because evil and suffering are commodities. If one can attribute absolute evil to Christianity, then one has struck a blow against Christianity, against religious belief, and against Western Civilization; and one has struck a blow for their competitors, including scientism, relativism, Marxism, and Atheism.

Atheists like to say that religion has killed more people than any other cause. This statement is fabricated out of thin air, but one hears it frequently, without support, of course. Atheists like to present Atheism as the panacea. If only we could all wise up and acknowledge that there is no God, war would cease. If only we could replace backward, superstitious religious belief with scientism, human life would improve stratospherically.

John Lennon’s “Imagine” encapsulates this approach. “Imagine there’s no heaven … No hell below us … Nothing to kill or die for. And no religion, too … Imagine all the people livin’ life in peace.” Steven Pinker, in his 2011 book The Better Angels of Our Nature, corelates “The Escalator of Reason,” that is a posited increase in rational thought, to a decline in human violence. The title of Michael Shermer’s 2015 book The Moral Arc: How Science Leads Humanity Toward Truth, Justice, and Freedom announces the book’s thesis. Oxford Fellow and atheist Peter Atkins argues in a 2018 article that “only science can answer all the big questions” while religion offers only “the sword, the bomb or the flame.” To acknowledge that top theorists justified Nazi crimes with an explicit rejection of the Judeo-Christian ethic and with reference to science and rationality is a bridge too far for devout Atheists.

The very best author to read on Nazism’s roots in scientific racism is Richard Weikart. A great place to start reading Weikart is his brief, accessible, 2022 book, Darwinian Racism: How Darwinism Influenced Hitler, Nazism, and White Nationalism. Richard Weikart has been publishing on Germany, Nazism, and Darwin for over twenty years. His work has been published by the University of Chicago Press and it has appeared in peer-reviewed journals. He has presented at numerous academic conferences. He is an emeritus professor of history at California State University, Stanislaus. Weikart is fluent in German, was a Fulbright scholar in Germany, and lived in Germany for five years. His work has been called, by his fellow scholars, “masterful,” “outstanding,” “sober,” ” insightful, thoughtful, informative, and highly readable.”

Why, then, has Weikart’s work not made the same splash as work by Daniel Jonah Goldhagen or John Cornwell? Why do some Amazon readers award Weikart’s books one-star, as does this poorly punctuated three-sentence review: “Hitler was baptized as a Christian and died a Christian. I would not even give this book 1 star not even worth reading” (sic). Why does Robert J. Richards, the Morris Fishbein Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Science and Medicine at the University of Chicago, dismiss Weikart as a “religious conservative” who sees shapes in clouds? Why is Richards an endowed chair at the prestigious University of Chicago, why is John Cornwell at Cambridge, and why did Goldhagen teach at Harvard, while Weikart spent his career at a less prestigious school? Why? Because Richard Weikart tells unpopular truths. Nazism was inspired by Darwinism. It is simply less popular to state that basic truth than to pump out yet another trite attack on Catholicism in particular and religious belief in general.

In his books that I have read, Weikart never exculpates Christianity, or denies Christian anti-Semitism, or Nazism’s exploitation of pre-existing anti-Semitism to accomplish its evil ends. Weikart never claims that being a Christian or any other kind of religious believer exempts one from committing atrocities. He makes clear that Darwin was no Nazi, and that believing in Darwinism does not turn one into a Nazi. Weikart emphasizes that many factors, having nothing to do with Darwinism, contributed to the rise of Nazism. But Weikart is crystal clear and irrefutable on his main point: Nazis themselves cited a Darwinian evolutionary worldview as foundational to their ethic and their genocidal behavior.  

Nazis rejected the Judeo-Christian ethic that had been foundational to Western Civilization. Nazis rejected the concept, unique to the Hebrew Bible’s book of Genesis, that all humans were equally created in the image of God, and that, therefore, unjustly ending any human life carries an eternal cost. Nazis regarded human beings as comparable to animals, the very animals we slaughter without much thought. Nazis rejected Christian concepts of compassion. Nazis embraced the idea that human groups are arranged on an evolutionary hierarchy, with higher and lower forms. Nazis enthusiastically embraced the idea of struggle as perfecting the species, of “survival of the fittest” as the highest and unquestionable good, and of death as the just destroyer of uncompetitive life. Nazis reduced “life unworthy of life” to a biological threat to the German species. Jews, handicapped Germans, Christian Gypsies and Slavs, were biological threats that needed to be destroyed just as rats or lice are destroyed in order to enable the flourishing of the desired species. Any “Christian compassion” extended to non-group members was deleterious and condemnable. Nazis spelled out these beliefs in document after document, speech after speech, textbook after textbook. Weikart documents this in exhaustive detail.

Is Weikart threatening Darwinian evolution as a scientific theory? Not for this reader. I accept Darwinian evolution and I have never read anything by Weikart that caused me to doubt Darwinian evolution. But Weikart’s work makes plain that powerful people accepted Darwinian evolution and made the immediate leap into genocide.

One can witness the leap from Darwin to genocide in German Darwinian Ernst Haeckel’s ironically titled 1904 book The Wonders of LifeOn page 121, Haeckel argues strenuously against the belief in “the immortality of the soul” or in “an all loving God.” How could a human being who was “utterly ruined … born an idiot” enjoy eternal life in Heaven, Haeckel asks. “Pathology, the science of the diseased organism” obliterates faith in God. On page 122, Haeckel argues that “the widespread belief that man is bound under all circumstances to maintain and prolong life” is a senseless religious dogma. “Lunatics, lepers, people with cancer” Haeckel protests, are kept alive “without the slightest profit to themselves or the general body.” “What a huge public and private expenditure!” he mourns, on page 123. “A dose of morphia” or a “dose of some painless and rapid poison” “under the control of an authoritative commission” would solve the problem. Then, just as the Nazis did – see the opening of Leni Riefenstahl film Olympia – Haeckel jumps over 2,000 years of Christian influence on ethics and returns to the ancient, Pagan world, where parents had the good sense to commit infanticide of their defective offspring. “The ancient Spartans” owed their “bodily strength and beauty as well as their mental energy and capacity” to the infanticide of the “weak or crippled.” “Religious journals” protest with “pious indignation” “as always happens when pure reason” “opposes prejudices and traditional beliefs” “Religion” is “irrational and superstitious.”

Haeckel’s argument is not unique. Similar intellectual journeys were taken by others, including Lothrop Stoddard and Madison Grant, two big names in American scientific racism. Stoddard’s 1922 book, The Revolt Against Civilization: The Menace of the Under Man, praises Darwin as making Stoddard’s own racist ideas possible. Stoddard positions Darwin as an authoritative opponent of “The Christian doctrine of the equality of all souls before God.” He blames this doctrine for “appeals to altruism” which mistakenly encourage efforts to improve “inferior” lives. Stoddard denigrates the compassion springing from Christian teachings of “equality” as “emotional” “mystic faith.” To replace these inferior approaches, Stoddard recommends “science” and “reason” because both inarguably demonstrate that some human lives are worthless. “During the past ten years biology and kindred sciences have refuted practically all the intellectual arguments on which the doctrine of ‘natural equality’ relies.” Stoddard spent time in Nazi Germany and reported the chummy conversations he shared with Himmler. He observed Nazi eugenics procedures and granted those procedures his stamp of approval. Nazis were “weeding out the worst strains in the Germanic stock in a scientific and truly humanitarian way.”

Margaret Sanger, who founded what would become Planned Parenthood, cited Darwin when, in 1920, she bemoaned “philanthropies and charities” that “build asylums and hospitals and keep the medical profession busy preserving those who could not otherwise survive.” Sanger voiced an opinion that would appear again and again in Darwin-inspired commentary, including that produced by Nazis: that there is a greater difference between the highest and lowest human and that lowest human and an animal. Because of this differential between more highly evolved humans and less evolved ones, Sanger argued, external control of human reproduction is necessary. In 1916, Sanger wrote, “the aboriginal Australian, the lowest known species of the human family, just a step higher than the chimpanzee in brain development, has so little sexual control that police authority alone prevents him from obtaining sexual satisfaction on the streets.” Compare this Sanger statement to one by Ernst Haeckel, “The distance between the thinking soul of the cultured human and the thoughtless animal soul of the wild natural human is extremely vast, greater than the distance between the latter and the soul of a dog.” And compare Sanger and Haeckel to this statement: “The gulf between the lowest creature which can still be styled man and our highest races is greater than that between the lowest type of man and the highest ape.” The final speaker is Hitler.

In 1916, Madison Grant published The Passing of the Great Race, a book Hitler called his “bible.” Scholar Jonathan Spiro writes that Mein Kampf is riddled with passages that seem directly inspired by The Passing of the Great Race” some “encapsulate all the aspects of Grantian thought including the primacy of race” and “the worship of modern science.” Grant wrote, “The laws of nature require the obliteration of the unfit, and human life is valuable only when it is of use to the community or race … The church assumes a serious responsibility toward the future of the race whenever it steps in and preserves a defective strain … A rigid system of selection through the elimination of those who are weak or unfit – in other words, social failures – would solve the whole question in one hundred years.”

Grant, an environmentalist who cofounded the Bronx Zoo, played a role in placing Ota Benga, a Pygmy, on display with primates in 1906. The goal was to demonstrate that Benga was close to a monkey himself. The Evening Post reported that Benga “has a great influence with the beasts …  including the orang-outang with whom he plays as though one of them … chattering to them in his own guttural tongue, which they seem to understand.” The Rev. James H. Gordon said, “The Darwinian theory is absolutely opposed to Christianity, and a public demonstration in its favor should not be permitted.” The always enlightened New York Times responded that Ota Benga “belongs to a race that scientists do not rate high in the human scale…The idea that men are all much alike … is now far out of date.” Benga, being low on the evolutionary scale, was, the Times wrote, not capable of experiencing “humiliation and degradation.” Benga eventually committed suicide.

Nor did Grant, Stoddard, and other Darwin-citing, scientific racists limit their disdain to dark-skinned people. Eastern and Southern Europeans were also deemed racially inferior. America’s mainstream and even scholarly presses – including the New York TimesThe Saturday Evening PostThe American Anthropologist, Colliers and The Atlantic were flooded with inflammatory racist material denigrating Poles, Slovaks, Jews, and Italians as subhuman. As sociologist Edward Alsworth Ross put it, “A Slav can live in dirt that would kill a white man.” Ironically, Grant, a self-declared member of the superior Nordic race, but, an arthritic, was too frail to testify in front of Congress. Even so, through lobbying, Grant influenced Congress to pass immigration restriction targeting allegedly racially inferior Eastern and Southern Europeans.

This history violates the monopoly race hustlers claim over evil and suffering. Eastern and Southern Europeans were white and largely Christian. These white, Christian peasants were subject to murderous and hateful racism. They were lynched, exploited at work sites, and defamed.  

In short, those seeking the roots of Nazism in Christianity are commodifying evil and suffering to serve their own petty vendetta against faith and to shield science from critique. Those genuinely about the heartbreaking, demanding work of understanding atrocity will benefit from reading Richard Weikart.

Darwinian Racism: How Darwinism Influenced Hitler, Nazism, and White Nationalism, is a must-read intro to Weikart’s entire oeuvre. Though jam-packed with facts and citations, Darwinian Racism is an easier, quicker read than Weikart’s more scholarly works.

Weikart proves that Nazis themselves believed themselves to be good Darwinians. They got this idea not from fringe publications or conspiracy theories but from esteemed scientists. Chapter one of Weikart’s book includes Darwin quotes which, even if you have encountered them in other contexts, are newly shocking in the context of a discussion of genocide. “We may console ourselves with the full belief, that the war of nature is not incessant … that the vigorous, the healthy, and the happy survive and multiply … Thus, from the war of nature, from famine and death, the most exalted object which we are capable of conceiving, namely, the production of the higher animals, directly follows” (emphasis added). These exact words could appear in a Himmler speech justifying the Einsatzgruppen. Obviously, Darwin and Himmler would apply a different valence to the words. Compare that quote to this one, “War is thus the unalterable law of all life, the precondition for the natural selection of the strong … What appears to people thereby as cruel is from the standpoint of nature obviously wise.” The speaker of this last quote is Hitler.

Weikart shows, in chapter two, that Hitler held to a Darwinian worldview. In chapter three, Weikart amply demonstrates that Darwinian evolution was advanced by Nazis in Nazi-mandated school curricula. “Nature eliminates everything sick and weak. All life is struggle. The weak perish,” reads the captions on a series of drawings depicting a fox eating a rabbit, a bird falling from the sky, and other cheerful, very non-Disney themes pounded into the heads of German tots. Catholics protested; Konrad Lorenz, who would later win a Nobel Prize, countered, “evolution provided an even more elevated ideal” than Catholicism did. The elevated ideal the church of Darwin promised was “the higher evolution of humanity.” “For us the race and volk are everything … the individual person as good as nothing.”

Lorenz was a Nazi Party member. His ethic directly contradicts the Talmud’s commentary on Genesis’ insistence that we all descend, not from a plethora of diverse creations, but from one couple, Adam and Eve. This descent, the Talmud informs us, means that to murder one person is to murder the entire world. Similarly, the Talmud teaches that after Cain murders Abel, not just Abel’s “blood,” but his “bloods,” plural, cry out from the ground. Why is “blood” plural? The Talmud explains: “This teaches that it was also the blood of his children and his children’s children, and all his future generations, until the end of the human line, that would have one day descended from him. They all stood up and cried out before the Holy Blessed One. (So you learn from this that one person is considered as important as the entire work of Creation.)” Clearly, in the ethic of the Hebrew Bible, murder is a big deal. To the Darwin-inspired Nazi, to kill an individual who is not a member of one’s own volk, “the individual person is as good as nothing.”

Chapter four of Weikart’s book records the many other Darwinian Nazi scientists at work during the Third Reich. Hans Weinert, one of the scientists Weikart discusses in chapter four, was a university anthropologist. In the interest of advancing Darwinian science, Weinert proposed inseminating a chimpanzee with sperm from a Pygmy. Such hideous proposals are not limited to Nazi scientists from decades ago. In 2001, Richard Dawkins, arguably the most famous, celebrated, and charismatic atheist and Darwinian in the world today, encouraged his fellow scientists to use genetic engineering to create a “missing link” between apes and humans. “The same benefits in moral education would be delivered by a successful hybridisation of a human and a chimpanzee … it would shatter our speciesist illusions very effectively.” Dawkins goes on to compare aborting a human fetus to eating beef, using that as an illustration of “speciesism.” Himmler similarly complained of “speciesism.” “Man is nothing special at all … He has no idea how a fly is constructed – however unpleasant, it is a miracle,” Himmler said, in one of his speeches justifying the genocide of human beings.

In chapter five, Weikart covers eugenics and euthanasia. Those adopting these policies believed themselves to be Darwinists. They cited Darwin’s statements like, “Hardly anyone is so ignorant as to allow his worst animals to breed.” Weikart quotes Darwin contrasting the “hard reason” that might encourage callous treatment of handicapped persons with “sympathy.” In the Christian worldview, “sympathy” is not the opposite of “hard reason.” Rather, Christians like the geophysicist and Catholic Xavier le Pichon, regard handicapped persons as necessary and beneficial parts of God’s creation.

Chapter six documents Nazi propaganda’s promotion of Darwinism. Nazi propaganda did “not just mention Darwinism in passing, but accorded it a prominent place in Nazi racial ideology.” Chapter seven charts Nazi Germany’s treatment of German Darwinian Ernst Haeckel. The above-mentioned Robert J. Richards claims that Nazi Germany rejected Haeckel. Weikart proves Richards’ claim false. Heinz Brucher was a world class botanist, a Nazi Party member, an SS Sammelkommando – that is, one who stole seed research from the Soviet Union – and, after the war, a biology advisor to UNESCO. Before Nazis began their T4 euthanasia program, “Heinz Brucher was publicly lauding Haeckel for advocating the killing of disabled people.” Heinrich Schmidt, Haeckel’s protegee and director of the Haeckel house, wrote in 1934 that, “In the new Reich, his [Haeckel’s] ideas about biology … are celebrating a surprisingly powerful resurrection. The religious trajectory of the present is often traveling in the course of his simple, yet sublime nature religion.”

In chapter eight, Weikart lists American neo-Nazis and white supremacists who embrace Darwinism. He cites the 1896 book Might is Right, which repeatedly cites Darwin as the new gospel. The book is available for free at white supremacist websites. “As Darwin commands, let the strongest live,” author Ragnar Redbeard writes. No longer should humanity follow the “hypnotic myth that centers around the execution of a Hebrew slave.” “Christ was a pariah Jew.” “Darwinism is the mortal foe of Hebraism.” We must reject “the Gospel of Ineffectuality.” Our heroes must be “brutal,” made so through “brutal warfare, brutal personal encounters, brutal thoughts.” “A man is brutal who will not turn the other cheek.” Redbeard parodies the Christian beatitudes. He writes, “Cursed are the unfit for they shall be righteously exterminated.” Like the Nazis, Haeckel, and many New Atheists today who regret the Judeo-Christian influence on Western Civilization, Redbeard wishes to turn the clock back to Ancient Paganism, focused, as it was, on amoral beauty, strength, health, youth, selfish desires, and raw power. Redbeard writes, “In ancient Rome, it was considered the height of impiety, heresy, and treason, for free born citizens to adore a circumcised Asiatic [Jesus], but in America it is considered pious and fashionable and highly commendable to do so.” Redbeard also bemoans Christianity’s negative influence on manly Nordic Pagans. Christians banned the “holmgang,” a one-on-one fight to settle disputes. “When Clericalism abolished the holmgang the pride of Norland silently waned away … when it banned gladiatorial contests, the Eternal City had its day.”

Robert J. Richards has written “Was Hitler a Darwinian?” a 2013, 54-page rebuttal to Richard Weikart’s work. Richards repeatedly resorts to ad hominem commentary, referring to anyone who mentions Darwinism’s influence on Nazism as a “conservative” “religious” thinker; in fact Richards does this in his first sentence, and repeats the ad hominem comment four times; “religious” is also used to dismiss other “constricted” “thinkers” four times, as in “a myriad of religious and politically constricted thinkers.” Such thinkers are not “reputable.” Richards explicitly blames Christianity for Nazism. Richards claims that Hitler admired Christianity’s “greatness.” Richards draws a straight line from Martin Luther to Nazism.

In 1919, Julius Streicher helped to found the Deutschsozialistische Partei a nationalist, anti-Catholic, and anti-Semitic party. Soon thereafter he joined the Nazi party. In 1923, he began publishing Der Sturmer, an anti-Semitic and also an anti-Catholic newspaper. In 1937, Streicher was given a copy of Martin Luther’s “The Jews and their Lies” for his birthday. Many authors cite this as Streicher’s first encounter with Luther’s work. Streicher was 52 at the time. He had been a leading German anti-Semite for at least 18 years. He had been publishing the most notorious anti-Semitic newspaper in history for 14 years. Streicher is not alone. Johannes Wallmann argues against the idea that Luther’s sixteenth-century tract was continuously influential in Germany. In any case, Luther raged violently against the Catholic Church, and his Reformation was followed by two centuries of vicious blood-letting by Catholics and Protestants on each other. The Nazis did not oppose Catholicism because of Martin Luther. The Nazis opposed Catholicism for their own reasons.

The most notorious Nazi anti-Semitic film, The Eternal Jew, conflated Jews and rats. It depicted Jews as biological and economic threats. The most successful Nazi propaganda film, Jud Suss, relied on images of Jews as middleman minorities who manipulated the powerful to their own economic enrichment and the impoverishment of the German middle and lower classes. Nazis did not choose Luther’s tract as their primary propaganda instrument. They choose biological and economic imagery. Aligning their anti-Semitism most significantly with Christianity did not meet Nazi ideological ends. Presenting their anti-Semitism as rooted in biology, economics, and culture did.

Richards mentions only Jews as victims of the Nazis, and anti-Semitism as the only Nazi hate. Richards thus never has to address why Nazis murdered handicapped Germans, Gypsies, Slavs, homosexuals, Polish children, and why Nazis sterilized Germans of African descent. Richards creates a strawman, insisting that Weikart cannot prove Darwinian evolution to be incorrect. I don’t think Weikart ever attempts to do that, certainly not in the book under review here. Richards writes that Haeckel’s “own moral theory certainly did not abandon Judeo-Christian precepts.” In fact, as the above quotes show, it certainly did exactly that. Richards makes a mistake many invested in the “white privilege” assumption about racism make. Only whites are racist; only non-whites are victims of racism. Richards identifies Madison Grant as prejudiced against Slavs – he was – but Richards inexplicably calls “Poles, Czechs, and Russians” “swarthy.” In other words, because Grant denigrated Slavs, Slavs must be dark-skinned. Most Slavs are in fact quite pale. Richards claims that “nowhere does Hitler even use” “any word that obviously refers to evolutionary theory.” In fact Hitler does, and he also refers to the “struggle for existence,” for example, “the natural struggle for existence which allows only healthy and strong individuals to survive is replaced by a sheer craze to ‘save’ feeble and even diseased creatures at any cost.” I asked Weikart about the specific term “evolution” in Mein Kampf in the original German. Weikart wrote back that Richards “argued that the German term ‘Entwicklung,’ which can be translated as ‘development’ or ‘evolution’ was no longer being used by biologists during Hitler’s time to refer to biological evolution. This is completely false. Biologists during the entire twentieth century used the term ‘Entwicklung‘ to mean evolution.”

As I write this, Russians are committing atrocities in Ukraine. In one intercepted phone call, a laughing Russian woman tells her man to wear a condom when raping Ukrainian women. A Russian soldier has been arrested for filming assaults on babies. He apparently hoped to market the videos. Commodifying evil and suffering to insist that white skin or Christianity explains wrongdoing, and even reactions to Will Smith’s Oscar slap, is abhorrent. The Judeo-Christian tradition insists on a different approach. We are all culpable – white, black, rich, poor, believer, Atheist – “All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God.” We must all monitor our behavior in order to comply with God’s commands based on the premise that we are all made in the image and likeness of God.

We may never be fully able to get into the minds of individual Nazis who committed atrocities. But we can read, in clear prose, their justifications for genocide. Those justifications were, more often than not, written out in the logic of scientific racism and a rejection of the Judeo-Christian ethic.


Lawyers Eye Neo-Nazi Website Founder’s Assets for $14M Award

Attorneys for a Montana real estate agent are eyeing the assets of a neo-Nazi website operator to collect a $14 million court judgment against the man for an anti-Semitic online “troll storm” that he orchestrated against the Jewish woman and her family, court filings show.

More than a year has passed since a federal judge in Montana entered a default judgment against Andrew Anglin, the Daily Stormer’s founder and publisher. Plaintiffs’ lawyers say the Ohio native has failed to pay any of the monetary award to Tanya Gersh.

Gersh’s attorneys from the Southern Poverty Law Center say they intend to identify any of Anglin’s assets that could be used to satisfy the judgment. Trying to seize Anglin’s assets will be “time-consuming and extremely complex” given his lack of cooperation and history of holding assets in cryptocurrency rather than more traditional forms, law center lawyers wrote in a filing last month.

In August 2019, U.S. District Judge Dana Christensen ordered Anglin to pay $4 million in compensatory damages and $10 million in punitive damages to Gersh. The judge also ordered Anglin to permanently remove from his website the posts in which he encouraged readers to contact Gersh and her family. Anglin eventually complied with that part of the judge’s order, according to Gersh’s lawyers.

Other targets of Anglin’s online harassment campaigns also secured default judgments against him after he failed to respond to their respective lawsuits.

In June 2019, a federal judge in Ohio awarded $4.1 million in damages to Muslim-American radio host Dean Obeidallah, who filed a libel lawsuit against Anglin for falsely accusing him of terrorism. Obeidallah said he received death threats after Anglin published an article that tricked readers into believing he took responsibility for the May 2017 terrorist attack at an Ariana Grande concert

Muslim Advocates staff attorney Matt Callahan said the group, which represents Obeidallah, remains dedicated to collecting the judgment and holding Anglin accountable.

“Mr. Anglin cannot hide forever from the consequences of his false and hateful statements,” Callahan said in a statement.

In August 2019, a federal judge in Washington entered another default judgment against Anglin and awarded just over $600,000 in compensatory and punitive damages to the first Black woman to serve as American University’s student government president.

Taylor Dumpson’s lawsuit said Anglin directed his readers to “troll storm” her after someone hung bananas with hateful messages from nooses on the university’s campus a day after her May 2017 inauguration as student government president.

Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law executive director Kristen Clarke, whose organization represents Dumpson, said they are working closely with the Alabama-based SPLC and others to collect on the judgments.

“Collection of these judgments is a critical part of our ongoing work to confront and diminish the footprint of white supremacy in our country,” Clarke said in a statement.

Anglin and some other defendants also face a possible default judgment in a federal lawsuit filed in Virginia by victims of violence that erupted at a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, in August 2017. The judge presiding over the case, which is set for trial next year against several other far-right extremist groups and rally organizers, hasn’t settled on an amount of money for Anglin or the others to pay.

“We are prepared to follow these defendants around for the rest of their lives to collect on these judgments. That includes seizing any assets, putting liens on their homes, garnishing wages,” said Integrity First for America executive director Amy Spitalnick, whose civil rights group is backing the Charlottesville lawsuit.

Anglin’s whereabouts have been a mystery, although he has claimed to be living outside the U.S. The federal court in Montana entered a default order against Anglin after he failed to appear for his scheduled deposition by Gersh’s attorneys. At the time, Anglin claimed it was too dangerous for him to travel to the U.S.

Anglin’s site takes its name from Der Sturmer, a newspaper that published Nazi propaganda. The site includes sections called “Jewish Problem” and “Race War.” For months, the site struggled to stay online after Anglin published a post mocking the woman who was killed when a man plowed his car into a crowd of counterprotesters at the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville three years ago.

In the lawsuit she filed in Montana against Anglin in April 2017, Gersh says anonymous internet trolls bombarded her family with hateful and threatening messages after Anglin published their personal information, including a photo of her young son. In a string of posts, Anglin accused Gersh and other Jewish residents of Whitefish, Montana, of engaging in an “extortion racket” against the mother of white nationalist Richard Spencer.

Gersh says she had agreed to help Spencer’s mother sell commercial property she owns in Whitefish amid talk of a protest outside the building. Sherry Spencer, however, later accused Gersh of threatening and harassing her into agreeing to sell the property



WMAF Crime: Missouri man charged in Chinese wife’s death despite no body

COLUMBIA, Mo. — The American husband of a Chinese woman who has been missing since October was charged Wednesday with first-degree murder in her death, even though her body hasn’t been found.

Joseph Elledge, of Columbia, Missouri, was charged with first-degree murder in the death of 28-year-old Mengqi Ji, who has been missing since October, according to court records.Prosecutors have requested a $5 million cash-only bond.

According to a probable cause statement, Elledge did not report his wife missing for more than 24 hours after he woke up and found her gone on Oct. 9. He instead spent time playing video games and contacted his mother and a friend without mentioning that she was missing, even though her disappearance was unusual, according to the statement. He didn’t mention he didn’t know where she was until one of her friends came to the house the next day at the request of her parents.

At that point, he put his wife’s mother on a video call and told her Ji was missing and then began contacting her friends to see if they knew where she was. None of her family or friends have had contact with Ji since she went missing and there has been no activity on her financial accounts.

During the hours after his wife disappeared, Elledge took two drives with the couple’s 1-year-old daughter to rural areas and to a popular biking and hiking trail with access to a river. “These locations are places where a body could be disposed of an not located for some time,” the statement says.

He did not leave a note for his wife, locked the door and took her apartment key when he left their home. “Joseph did not have any plans for if Mengqi returned while he was gone,” the statement says.

Elledge, who quickly was named as the prime suspect in her disappearance, was already charged with child endangerment and abuse of a child. Prosecutors say Elledge separated his wife from their 1-year-old daughter and that the separation created “a substantial risk” to the girl. Her maternal grandparents and paternal grandparents share custody.

An after hours call to Elledge’s attorneys’ office seeking comment was not immediately returned.

Amy Salladay, the attorney for Ji’s family, said the family was “very supportive” of Boone County Prosecutor Dan Knight’s decision to file charges now rather than wait until her body is found.

“They understand the risks associated with double jeopardy but they also need resolution for their granddaughter,” Salladay said. “They have full confidence that Mr. Knight has carefully considered all the factors related to filing the case now.”

Knight, who could not be reached for comment Wednesday, had described Elledge as a “jealous, controlling, manipulative psychopath,” during a November hearing.

Her mother told police Elledge was a controlling husband who would not allow Ji to have a social life and would get upset if she left the house for trips that he thought were too long.

Recordings of conversations between the couple before Ji disappeared showed him to be “openly hostile and at times threatening to Ji.” At one point in June 2019 he said “I’m ready to be done talking to you forever” and in August said he wanted a divorce, according to the statement.

Authorities have been searching for Ji’s body in the Lamine River near Boonville.

Elledge’s cell phone records show he drove to that river for about 45 minutes in the hours after his wife went missing, the statement says. Two police cadaver dogs alerted to the presence of human decomposition in the river. The area has been searched several times with different methods but the “complicated nature” of the area has prevented a comprehensive search, the statement says.

Salladay said Ji’s family appreciates the Columbia police search efforts so far, but are concerned there is no clear plan for further search efforts. She said the family would prefer a multi-disciplinary team working together and taking advantage of all the professional volunteers who have offered their help.

Ji, whom law enforcement initially identified as Mengqi Ji Elledge, received a master’s degree in mechanical and aerospace engineering from the University of Missouri in December 2014. She previously attended the East China University of Science and Technology in Shanghai.

Elledge was studying at the University of Missouri when he was arrested last year.

The Right-Wing Checkpoint for Canada’s Intervention in Ukraine

Canadian weapons and military aid are flowing to far-right paramilitary units, ultranationalist factions in Ukraine


For over six years, Ukrainian and Russian-supported separatist forces have been in a stand-off in an armed conflict that has ravaged the Donbass region in eastern Ukraine. It has claimed the lives of over 13,000 people, including over 3,000 civilians. Awaiting return to peaceful life, residents have had to pass through military checkpoints to go to work, visit family, and deal with administrative matters. Further, the coronavirus crisis has resulted in additional measures preventing movement between the separatist-controlled regions and the rest of Ukraine.

Canada’s policy of providing Ukraine military aid has been disproportionately shaped by both Ukrainian far-right nationalism and the domestic right-wing lobby in Canada. The far-right in Ukraine holds a degree of military power and a corresponding threat of violence that surpasses that of other comparable European ultranationalist organizations. Numerous acts of violence by the far-right have directly contributed to enflaming and prolonging the drawn-out war, in some cases subverting action taken toward peace. Yet, Canada’s preference for fueling a military resolution has come at the expense of addressing the Donbass region’s complex underlying discontent, and at the cost of normalizing ultranationalist right-wing factions within the country.

A year after the conflict erupted, the Conservative Party of Canada under former Prime Minister Stephen Harper initiated a military mission in Ukraine known as Operation UNIFIER, through which Canada provided training and weapons to the Ukrainian military and paramilitary police. On March 18, 2019, former Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland and Minister of National Defense Harjit Sajjan announced the extension of UNIFIER until 2022. This extension was notably endorsed by the Ukrainian Canadian Congress and by the Conservative Party of Canada. James Bezan—the Conservative Shadow Minister for National Defense and Manitoba’s MP for Selkirk-Interlake-Eastman—also promoted Canadian military aid and weapons sales to Ukraine in the House of Commons.

Until the appointment of François-Philippe Champagne as the Liberals’ Foreign Minister in November 2019, military engagement in the Donbass conflict was conspicuously championed by Freeland, who walked in-step with former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko. In May 2019, Ukraine elected President Volodymyr Zelensky, a former comedian with no prior political experience, on the ‘pro-peace’ and anti-corruption platform of his “Servant of the People” party. Champagne’s appointment has also signaled a slight shift away from Freeland’s approach toward more neutral diplomacy, as he has not been as personally invested in the Donbass war.

Two Minsk agreements were signed between Russia, Ukraine and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in September 2014, calling for ceasefire and withdrawal of heavy weapons from eastern Ukraine. Some progress on the agreements has since been made, including a pact on April 10, 2020 to exchange 37 prisoners. On May 5, Zelensky also appointed representatives for the Trilateral Contact Group to interface with the self-declared republics of Donetsk and Luhansk.

The Minsk agreements notably proposed a form of semi-autonomous governance for Donbass. Both the government and separatist-controlled regions of Donbass have significant diversity, with mixed Ukrainian-Russians, Russian-speaking Ukrainians, and an ethnic Russian diaspora. During his term, Poroshenko introduced a slew of nationalist legislation targeting the Russian diaspora in Ukraine, including a law which granted special status to the Ukrainian language, making it mandatory for public sector workers, particularly those in regional administration in areas with large cultural minorities—such as the Donbass.

While on a dramatically different scale, the issue of minority rights in Ukraine resonates at different frequencies elsewhere in the country. Hungary, for example, has recently withheld its support for NATO-Ukraine Council meetings due to a perceived neglect of Hungarian minority rights, particularly language rights, in the western Ukrainian region of Zakarpattya. Far-right groups that have promoted views of an ethnically homogenous Ukraine have instigated violence at key moments that inform the crisis in the Donbass.

In numerous papers, Ivan Katchanovski, political scientist and professor at the University of Ottawa who has been researching the far-right, has drawn attention to the continuity between far-right violence in the Maidan and the Odessa massacres, and the Donbass war.

Members of far-right groups were found to be responsible for the murder of protesters with hunting pellets during the Maidan coup of February 2014. One of the most prominent participating groups was the Right Sector, an alliance of the ultranationalist organizations Tryzub, Social National Assembly, and Patriot of Ukraine. The latter group was inspired by the Nazi Ukrainian Insurgent Army of the Second World War.

Since May 2014, the Right Sector has also included the Ukrainian National Assembly (UNA) and its paramilitary branch, known as the Ukrainian National Self Defence Organization (UNSO). The UNA-UNSO has been identified by Human Rights Without Frontiers as anti-Semitic, and recognized as a neo-fascist organization. In their eyes, the narrative of a sovereign Ukraine is that of a homogenous country made up of “ethnically pure” Ukrainians. The UNA-UNSO has deplored “abhorrent Russification” and openly called for the slaughter of Russians.

In the Odessa massacre of May 2, 2014, fifty people died in the arson of the House of Trade Unions. Most of those who died were pro-Russian Odessans in the wake of the February coup—which deposed Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich, who had received majority support in eastern Ukraine, after he rejected Ukraine’s association agreement with the European Union.

Ukraine’s shift toward the West carried heavy implications for the Donbass, a region that is reliant on coal-mining, metallurgical and chemical industries. The dissolution of the Soviet Union left many people divided across new state borders, with differing expectations of economic promise in eastern Ukraine that, over the past decades of neoliberalization, were not realized.

“You have people in the Donbass who actually feared going into the European Union, and feared for their jobs and their livelihoods because their whole industry, their whole economy is very geared toward Russia,” noted Andrew Rasiulis, former defense official and fellow at the Canadian Global Affairs Institute, who was responsible for Canadian national defense policy in the 1990s on central and eastern Europe.

“There is the whole cultural, ethnic mindset in western Ukraine that is very different, and the trick for Ukraine is to actually accommodate both sides,” he noted. “I think the west has a hard time understanding that there’s this nuance. The west tends to read the Ukrainian nationalist narrative as being the holistic narrative for all of Ukraine.”

Both Russia and the separatists have since supported the Minsk agreement’s call for reintegration of Donbass into Ukraine. Normandy summit talks in December 2019 were intended to re-affirm the Minsk agreements, which would mean steps toward the withdrawal of troops, and Ukrainian government support for an election in Donbass under the observation of the OSCE.



Canada Represents a Reservoir of Support for Ukrainian Neo-Nazis

Canada is the leading state sponsor of neo-Nazi armed terrorist units fighting in eastern Ukraine. Canadian support for the most right-wing elements, including neo-Nazis, in Ukraine would never have been possible had it not been for the concrete support provided by the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS) and its Central Intelligence Agency masters since the Cold War era to neo-fascist organizations within the Ukrainian-Canadian diaspora community. It is a community that numbers 1.2 million and which has tremendous political clout in the Canadian Parliament and various provincial legislatures.

Included in the ranks of famous Ukrainian-Canadians are two former Governors-General, Ray Hnatyshyn of the Conservatives and Ed Schreyer of the New Democrats; Saskatchewan Liberal Party Premier Roy Romanow; Alberta Tory Premier Ed Stelmach; hockey star Wayne Gretzky; and Manitoba Lieutenant Governor Peter Liba, a journalist who once worked for Canadian Zionist media mogul Israel Asper.


The connections between the Canadian government and neo-Nazis in Ukraine should come as no surprise. The Ukrainian diaspora community in Canada was fertile ground to recruit far right anti-Communist activists and operatives during the Cold War. During the Cold War, right-wing Ukrainian groups denounced as supporters of the Soviet Ukrainian state any Ukrainian-Canadians who criticized the rightist leanings of Ukrainian-Canadian organizations.

In the early 1990s, it was discovered that the top leadership of such neo-Nazi organizations as the Heritage Front of Canada included covert agents of the CSIS. Moreover, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) and the Toronto Star reported on neo-Nazi elements within the Canadian armed forces, including the elite Canadian Airborne Regiment. Just as was the case in the United States, Canadian neo-Nazi groups benefited from the right-wing and anti-Russian passions of the eastern European diaspora community that was permitted unfettered entry into Canada after World War II. America’s secret Operation Paperclip saw a number of Nazis given safe passage into the United States from Germany and countries in Eastern Europe. Many Nazis also entered Canada where they became active in emigré groups, including the Ukrainians, White Russians, Poles, Hungarians, Romanians, Bulgarians, Czechoslovaks, and others. Many of these groups supported the Reform Party of Preston Manning, which served as the inspiration for the Conservatives of current Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper.

True to its neo-Nazi and far-right antecedent, the Reform Party, Harper’s government permits a number of Ukrainian-Canadian groups to provide material support to neo-Nazi militias, including the infamous Azov Battalion controlled by Ukrainian-Israeli oligarch Ihor Kolomoisky, which have been responsible for carrying out attacks on civilians in the predominantly Russian-speaking Donbass region of Ukraine. The Ukrainian-Canadian groups rely on the support of many in the 1.2 million-strong Ukrainian community in Canada. The chief Ukrainian-Canadian organizations supporting neo-Nazi militias have links to the Stepan Bandera-led Ukrainian Insurgent Army that teamed up with Adolf Hitler’s SS troops in fighting the Allies in World War II. Bandera’s forces carried out mass executions of Jews and Poles in Nazi-held Ukraine and Galicia during the war.

Canada’s military support for neo-Nazi units in Ukraine preceded by almost a year the recent announcement that U.S. Army troops would be training the Azov Battalion, led by Nazi Andriy Biletsky, which marches under German Nazi SS flags. Canada has also provided support for the Aidar Battalion, which is believed to have recruited Islamic State Chechen irregulars to its ranks. Aidar Battalion forces have, according to Amnesty International, beheaded Russian-speaking Ukrainian citizens captured in eastern Ukraine.

The Harper government granted tax-free charity status to the Ukrainian aid group Army SOS, which works with the Ukrainian Canadian Congress (UCC) to deliver military supplies, including drones and artillery targeting systems, to the Azov, Aidar, and other neo-Nazi battalions in Ukraine. Ukrainian neo-Nazi leader Andriy Parubiy, a leader, along with Oleg Tyahnybok, of the far-right wing Social National Party of Ukraine (Svoboda) that uses the neo-Nazi «Wolfsangel» symbol, was warmly received in Canada where he proclaimed that Canada was the Kiev regime’s most trustworthy ally. The Ukrainian neo-Nazi leader was received at the Foreign Ministry, the Defense Ministry, and in the House of Commons.

The UCC has lined up a number of Canadian and provincial MPs and MPPs, and not just Tories, to support the delivery of «defensive» weapons to Ukraine. As with the «private» aid from Canada, it is believed that much of Canada’s military equipment will end up in the hands of the neo-Nazi battalions. Canadian International Trade Minister Ed Fast and Conservative MPs Ted Opitz and Bernard Trottier, a friend of disgraced former Toronto mayor Rob Ford, attended a Ukrainian-Canadian fundraiser in Toronto that featured a large banner of Bandera, the Ukrainian Nazi commander. Opitz has been banned from traveling to Russia because of his support for Ukrainian terrorism.


Much of the CDN$52,000 netted at the Toronto event was destined for the Ukrainian private militias. One of the Ontario parliament’s Liberal MPPs at the forefront of calls to provide Ukraine with Canadian weapons is Yvan Baker, a former consultant for Mitt Romney’s and Binyamin Netanyahu’s former firm, the Boston Consulting Group. Although a Liberal, Baker has championed U.S. Senator John McCain’s and U.S. House Speaker John Boehner’s calls for providing the Ukrainian government with lethal force weapons.


Baker’s blatant pro-Ukrainian propaganda was on full display when he recently said, «Today, Ukraine is at war and the situation is dire. Russian-backed forces have occupied part of Eastern Ukraine and continue to advance. The soldiers I met are fighting against state-of-the-art equipment with outdated weapons, some from World War II».


The «antiquated weapons» argument is an old Central Intelligence Agency propaganda trick that was used to justify arming the Afghan mujaheddin against the Soviets in the 1980s because of the false allegation that the mujaheddin were armed with only «World War I-designed British bolt-action Enfield rifles» against the better-armed Soviet army. The allegations are as false today with regard to Ukrainian forces as they were when this old canard was proffered by the CIA-influenced Western media during the Soviet-Afghan war. The CIA has relied on support from Ukrainian-Canadian organizations like the UCC to support Ukrainian uprisings, including the 2004 Orange Revolution and the «Euromaidan» protests that resulted in the overthrow of the democratically-elected government of President Viktor Yanukovych early last year.


Denials of their neo-Nazi underpinnings aside, it is common to see the Canadian Maple Leaf flag flying alongside Nazi and neo-Nazi banners in Ukrainian mercenary battalion-held battle zones. Russia has accused Canada of harboring a number of Ukrainian Nazi war criminals over the years. The strong Ukrainian-Canadian lobby has prevented most of them from being extradited to stand trial for their war crimes. In November 2014, the Harper government was one of only three nations that voted against a United Nations General Assembly against the «glorification of Nazism». The other two «no» votes were those of Ukraine and the United States.


Ukrainian-Canadian groups have also resorted to xenophobic attacks on Canada’s Russian-Canadian population. Last year, Ukrainian disrupted a World War II Victory Day ceremony, attended by many Russian-Canadians, in Winnipeg. Major Ukrainian-Canadian organizations have ties to the neo-Nazi Right Sector, Svoboda, Spilna Sprava, Bandera Trident [Tryzub imeni Bandery], Prosvita, and other fascist groups in Ukraine. Those Ukrainians who stand up to complain about the neo-Nazi ties of Ukrainian-Canadian organizations are often met with threats and insults from right-wing Ukrainian nationalist hooligans. The Ukrainian National Federation of Canada, an outgrowth of the Bandera-supporting Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), was actually incorporated by an act of the Canadian Parliament in 1950.

Canada, once a nation known for its support of United Nations peacekeeping operations around the world and a relative enlightened foreign policy that put a great emphasis on international development aid and human rights is now known as the greatest ally for Ukrainian neo-Nazis. That contemptible distinction has been brought about by the neo-fascist bent of the Harper government.


Canada Represents a Reservoir of Support for Ukrainian Neo-Nazis

Neo-Nazi’s arrest highlights Ottawa’s support for Ukrainian far right

The recent arrest of a Canadian neo-Nazi on the run in the US should embarrass the federal government. As has been reported, it raises important questions about extremists in the Canadian military. Ignored, however, is the link between the arrest and Ottawa’s support for far-right forces in the Ukraine.

A month ago Canadian Forces engineer Patrik Mathews was arrested by the FBI. This week he pled not guilty to gun charges and plotting to poison water supplies, derail trains and kill people to provoke conflict to create a white “ethno-state.” In August Matthews fled southward after he was outed as a recruiter for The Base, a neo-Nazi group that helped him go underground in the US.

Mathews’ case highlights concern about white supremacists in the Canadian Forces. While the issue has received attention recently, it’s not a new problem. Most cite the early 1990s “Somalia Affair” as the time when the concern was made public. But, in fact the issue is as old as the Canadian military. For example, up to the end of World War II Royal Canadian Navy policy required that “candidates must be of pure European descent.” In other words, the problem of racism and racists in the Canadian Forces is structural and longstanding, something that has never been properly acknowledged or dealt with.

But there is another angle to Matthews’ arrest that should concern every Canadian worried about the rise of the far-right. The Base has ties to the best organized neo-Nazis in the world, whom Ottawa has not condemned, but in fact bolstered. A recent Vice headline noted, “Neo-Nazi Terror Group The Base Linked to the War in Ukraine”. One of The Base members arrested alongside Matthews sought to fight in the Ukraine, according to the charges laid against him. Other members and associates of The Base and other like-minded extremist groups have travelled to the Ukraine recently to meet ultra-nationalists there. Mollie Saltskog, an intelligence analyst at the Soufan Center, a non-profit terrorism watchdog, compared the extreme right’s ties to Ukraine to Al Qaeda’s nesting grounds. “The conflict in eastern Ukraine is to the white supremacists what Afghanistan was to the Salafi-jihadists in the 80’s and 90’s,” Saltskog told Vice. “Remember, al-Qaeda, for which the English translation is ‘The Base,’ was born out of the conflict in Afghanistan.”

The far right benefited from the 2014 right-wing nationalist EuroMaidan movement that ousted president Viktor Yanukovych. “The emergence of Azov Battalion and Right Sector in Ukraine in 2014 electrified the neo-Nazi movement” in North America and Europe, notes Jordan Green in “The lost boys of Ukraine: How the war abroad attracted American white supremacists.”

Ottawa supported the US-backed coup against a president oscillating between the European Union and Russia. In July 2015 the Canadian Press reported that opposition protesters were camped in the Canadian Embassy for a week during the February 2014 rebellion against Yanukovych. Since the mid-2000s Ottawa has provided significant support to right wing, nationalist opponents of Russia in the Ukraine.

As part of Operation UNIFIER, 200 Canadian troops — rotated every six months — work with Ukrainian forces that have integrated right wing militias. In June 2018 Canada’s military attaché in Kiev, Colonel Brian Irwin, met privately with officers from the Azov battalion, who use the Nazi “Wolfsangel” symbol and praise officials who helped slaughter Jews and Poles during World War II. According to Azov, Canadian military officials concluded the briefing by expressing “their hopes for further fruitful cooperation.”

Alongside the US, Canada funded, equipped and trained the neo-Nazi infiltrated National Police of Ukraine (NPU), which was founded after Yanukovych was overthrown in 2014.

A former deputy commander of the Azov Battalion, Vadim Troyan had a series of senior positions in the NPU, including acting chief. When a policeman was videoed early last year disparaging a far right protester as a supporter of Stepan Bandera, the National Police chief, National Police spokesman, Interior Minister and other officers repudiatedthe constable by publicly professing their admiration for Bandera. During World War II Bandera aligned with the Nazi occupation, carrying out murderous campaigns against Poles and Jews.

Soon after it was set up, Foreign Minister Stephane Dion announced $8.1 million for the NPU, which replaced the former regime’s police. Canada has provided the force with thousands of uniforms and cameras and helped establish the country’s first national police academy. Beginning in June 2016 up to 20 Canadian police were in the Ukraine to support and advise the NPU. In July 2019 that number was increased to 45 and the deployment was extended until at least 2021.

The post-Maiden Ukrainian government included a number of neo-Nazis. During his 2016 trip to Ukraine Trudeau was photographed with Andriy Parubiy, Ukrainian Parliament speaker, who had a background with the far right and was accused of praising Hitler. Liberal and other party politicians in Canada also spoke alongside and marched with members of Ukraine’s Right Sector, which said it was “defending the values of white, Christian Europe against the loss of the nation and deregionalisation.”

While they talk about the danger of the far right, the Liberals have refused to back a number of UN resolutions opposed to glorifying Nazism, neo-Nazism and racial discrimination because they are viewed as targeting the Ukraine. On November 19, 2015, Ottawa voted against a UN General assembly resolution critical of the aforementioned subject supported by 126 states. The US, Palau and Ukraine were the only other countries to vote against the resolution titled “Combating glorification of Nazism, neo-Nazism and other practices that contribute to fuelling contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.” In November the Liberals abstained on a similar resolution.

At this point it seems unlikely that far right groups like The Base will gain significant traction in Canada. But, if they do it will be in part blowback from Canadian policy that views the Ukraine as a proxy in Washington’s campaign to weaken Russia. But, don’t expect the Canadian corporate media to report on this angle of Patrik Matthews’ arrest.

Edmonton Monument Glorifies Nazi Collaborator

By Daniel Moser

(EJNews) – In the mid-1970s the Ukrainian Youth Unity Complex was built in North Edmonton and along with it, a monument was erected to a Nazi collaborator. It sounds weird to say out loud, but that is the case. There is a statue of someone who commanded troops to participate in genocide during the Holocaust, in Edmonton.

Roman Shukhevych was a Ukrainian military leader during the Second World War. In parts of Ukraine, and the diaspora, he is viewed as a hero for fighting against the Soviets in the name of an independent Ukraine. This telling of history omits Shukhevych’s bloody atrocities, evil associations, and violent antisemitism. In the early 1940s Shukhevych was a leader in a radical militant group, the Bandera wing of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, and Nazi trained Ukrainian battalions, where he led his troops into battle committing atrocities and war crimes including massacres in Belarus and an attempt to ethnically cleanse Ukraine.

After his formal association with the Nazi Germany had ended, Shukhevych’s antisemitic murders continued. In 1943 declaring independence, but maintaining allegiance to Nazi Germany, Shukhevych was supreme commander of the newly formed Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), where creating an ethnically Ukrainian country was priority one. The UPA was responsible for the mass killing of 60,000-100,000 ethnic Poles, thousands of Jews, and many more. Many Jews fleeing the Holocaust made their way through the woods of western Ukraine, only to be lured out of hiding and murdered by the UPA.

This is a very brief history of Shukhveych; a more in-depth description can be found in Per Anders Rudling’s 2016 academic article featured in Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies titled The Cult of Roman Shukhevych in Ukraine.

There is a statue of Roman Shukhevych in Edmonton.

“As a Jewish Edmontonian, it is very disconcerting,” said journalist and activist Paula Kirman, who recently appeared on the Progress Report podcast discussing the topic. The podcast is eye-opening, the hope is further attention will be drawn to the situation, and a reasonable outcome will be achieved. Kirman put it simply, “ideally, I think it should be removed.”

The choice should be a simple one, a country in North America, in the year 2019 should have zero tolerance for having an antisemitic murderer placed on a figurative and literal pedestal. If outright removal of the Shukhevych statue is out of the question, then at the very least an accurate historical addition should be made, explaining what exactly Shukhevych’s contributions to Ukrainian life were, and the mass murder and attempted ethnic cleansing he took part in along the way. Refusing to do so would be a whitewashing of history, and one that is often sighted as being a form of Holocaust denial.

When approached for comment in a 2018 Coda article on Russian disinformation locals associated with the Complex either denied the accusations outright, denied knowledge of Shukhevych’s atrocities, or reasoned them away claiming it was merely an alliance of convenience with Nazi Germany.

A common argument in the United States of America during debates over Confederate statues is that their removal is a way of erasing history, but the very opposite is true. Kirman explains, “This isn’t book burning – the books that outline who Shukhevych was and what he did will remain available to anyone. Monuments are about honouring someone, and a Nazi collaborator who took part in genocide does not deserve such an honour.”

The statue has been in Edmonton since the 1970s and the fact that it has been discussed so sparingly is astonishing.

“I only learned about the statue a couple years ago,” Kirman continues. “I was working on a film project (A Monumental Secret) that dealt with the topic of the Ukrainian right, and how we look at problematic monuments in light of history, with the case study being a different monument in Edmonton.”

A small amount of coverage was given to the statue in 2018, but it did not gain traction, and never really reached the public. It stands to reason that a major factor in the statue’s continued standing is a lack of outcry.

It is unclear if a serious attempt at having the statue removed, or altered has been made. The hope remains though that if it is approached in a meaningful manner by the correct parties that the easy and proper action will be taken.

“I think they should be willing to listen to criticism of the monument,” Kirman says of the Complex, “at the very least publicly acknowledge that Shukhevych was a Nazi collaborator who took part in genocide, and put a plaque of some kind explaining his role in the Holocaust…so that anyone who sees it will learn the truth.”

As defenders against antisemitism in Edmonton, the responsibility falls on leaders and members of the Jewish community to reach out to the Ukrainian Youth Unity Complex and leaders in the Ukrainian community to ask the question: Why is there a statue memorializing a Nazi collaborator, who participated in genocide, in our city?

The Ukrainian Youth Unity Complex could not be reached for comment prior to the publishing of this article.

Files from CBC Radio Canada International, Coda, Progress Report


How a network of Ukrainian ultra-nationalists penetrated Canada’s Conservative Party to lobby for military conflict



A month ago in Toronto, former Canadian Prime Minister and Conservative Party heavyweight Stephen Harper called out to an audience of Ukrainian Canadians, “Slava Ukraini!

Harper’s audience responded to his cry of “Glory to Ukraine!” by compleing the salutation of the Ukrainian Nationalist movement once led by the notorious fascist Stepan Bandera: “Heroyam Slava!” In other words, “Glory to the Heroes!” who, in fact, collaborated with Nazi Germany during its occupation of Ukraine in World War Two.

Harper spoke as the keynote guest at a gala organized to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the League of Ukrainian Canadians (LUC) and its newspaper, Homin Ukrainy (“Ukrainian Echo”), as well as the 65th anniversary of the League of Ukrainian Canadian Women (LUCW). The event capped off a three day, tri-annual convention of the Leagues.

Held on February 22, the gala took place six years and one day after the Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych fled his country following the Euromaidan “Revolution of Dignity” in Kyiv, which saw pro-EU protesters and hard-right street fighters topple their Russian-oriented government.

Through the so-called “Canadian Conference in Support of Ukraine” (CCSU), many of Canada’s leading Conservatives have befriended a historically criminal, fascist network of Ukrainian nationalists that has remained dedicated to pushing the West to the brink of war with Russia since before World War Two ended. Today, followers of the long dead Nazi collaborator Stepan Bandera are vying with Ukraine’s neo-Nazis to lead another “revolution” – this time, against Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskiy and his moves to peace with Russia.

During the Cold War, the Banderivtsi agitated for the declaration of a U.S.-led “holy war of liberation” against Soviet Russia – a World War Three – placing their faith in the United States government to free the Soviet “prison of nations” by force, and to do so without obliterating them in the process with nuclear weapons. Similary, during World War Two, the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists led by Bandera (OUN-B) initially counted on Nazi Germany to “liberate” Soviet Ukraine, although Adolf Hitler had no intentions of doing so.

The LUC is the Canadian spearhead of the CCSU and an international coalition of NGOs affiliated with the decades-old, highly secretive cult of personality centered around Stepan Bandera. The League of Ukrainian Canadians plays a leading role in the Ukrainian Canadian Congress and the Ukrainian World Congress, the first vice president of which (from Australia) is the present-day leader of the OUN-B. “At the Forefront of Ukrainian Issues” is the LUC’s slogan.

Bandera’s OUN-B, an extremist “revolutionary” fascist organization, carried out numerous brutal pogroms against Jews throughout western Ukraine in 1941 before infiltrating Nazi auxiliary police units that served at the frontlines of the “Holocaust by Bullets.” Bandera aspired to be the Führer of a pro-Nazi Ukrainian dictatorship, but was rejected by Hitler and later the CIA. He was drifting into irrelevance when his 1959 assassination by the KGB in Munich turned him into a beloved ultra-nationalist martyr.

Over the course of the Cold War, the CIA attempted to incubate a rival, so-called “democratic” faction of the OUN-B – which also happened to be led by former Nazi collaborating war criminals. But the more radical, fascistic Banderites eventually hijacked Ukrainian communities around the world in the name of an anti-democratic “Ukrainian Liberation Front.” The OUN-B sought to establish a “dictatorship in exile,” as told by historian Per Anders Rudling, “intended to be re-exported to Ukraine, following its ‘liberation.’”

In 1956, the CIA collected from its Ukrainian collaborators a “set of complaints” made against Stepan Bandera and “a list of his anti-American acts,” however, “we were not interested in the specifics or evidential details related to the complaints or acts since these were already known to Headquarters.” That included the existence of an “illegal underground Bandera organization” of “blindly loyal” cadres mobilizing in the United States, taking orders from the fascist OUN-B leadership then located in Munich.

Meanwhile, according to a book by Lubomyr Luciuk, a professor at the Royal Military College of Canada, the OUN-B’s “rezident” in Canada “had an organized if modest nationalist network in place by the fall of 1948 … [and] was in regular communication with the nationalist provid (or leadership) in Europe.”

Furthermore, “everything possible was being done to ensure that nationalist cadres were spread out ‘in a planned way’ across Canada, to ensure that the Banderivtsi would have some of their people in every centre where they might be able to work on behalf of the liberation movement.”

At the third national convention of the Ukrainian Canadian Congress in 1950, Stepan Bandera’s followers “were harried and jeered out of the meeting hall,” writes Luciuk, “accompanied by a stern reprimand from the podium … [denouncing] those whom he accused of trying to ‘take over’ Ukrainian Canadian organizational life.”

By the 1960s, some in the CIA were convinced that the KGB had infiltrated the OUN-B at high levels, perhaps to the point of controlling it through double agents. The OUN-B and its supporters in the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America eventually denounced the US-backed ex-Banderites based in New York City as “CIA tools” who were “soft on Communism.” The New York-based nationalist clique responded by accusing the former of colluding with ex-Nazi West German officials.

Despite all this, there is no evidence that Western governments took measures to suppress the OUN-B. Instead, well-connected anti-communist political interests from around the world nurtured the Banderites, ensuring that their apparatus would live on not just in the US, but in Great Britain, Australia, Canada, and Western Europe. All parties abided by the OUN-B’s whitewashed, distorted script when it came to the Ukrainian Nationalists and World War Two.

“You have to understand,” a member of the OUN-B told journalist Russ Bellant, “we are an underground organization. We have spent years quietly penetrating positions of influence.”

Today, the transnational crypto-fascist network of Banderite NGOs once known above board as the “Organizations of the Ukrainian Liberation Front” operates in the open and with the full-throated support of Western politicians like Stephen Harper. Its global coordinating body is called the International Council in Support of Ukraine, or ICSU, which in turn looks to the OUN-B for leadership.

The ICSU and the Ukrainian World Congress are presently headquartered in Toronto. And it’s there that the LUC – the group that hosted Harper – presides over the ICSU’s Canadian branch, the CCSU. Oksana Prociuk-Cyz, CEO of the largest Ukrainian Canadian credit union, is a former treasurer of the ICSU, the present-day leader of which, Borys Potapenko, is from Detroit, but a former executive director of the LUC.

Over forty years ago, Potapenko chaired a “Committee in Defense of Ukraine” that “conducted a major campaign in protest against the showing of the [1978] television movie ‘Holocaust’” starring Meryl Streep and James Woods.

Several nationalist subsidiary groups function under the CCSU’s umbrella. They include the Ukrainian Youth Association of Canada, Homin Ukrainy, and the Canadian Society of Veterans of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA). The UPA was responsible for the ethnic cleansing of tens of thousands of ethnic Poles and an unknown number of Jews from 1943 through ‘44.

According to Lubomyr Luciuk, a Canadian academic and Ukrainian nationalist historian, Homin Ukrainy had been “an unflagging advocate of revolutionary nationalist principles,” and the Canadian “press organ of the movement headed by the Banderivtsi.” In an email, Luciuk told me that he was unaware of any OUN-B activity in Canada “anymore,” but declined to specify when he believed it ceased to operate in the country. Luciuk’s downplaying of the Bandera network in Canada might have something to do with “his continuous…cooperation with various OUN-B institutions,” including the ICSU.

The recent gala in Toronto demonstrated how far an underground network once held in suspicion by the CIA and the Ukrainian Canadian community has come. Besides Stephen Harper, the 2020 LUC gala featured both Peter McKay and Erin O’Toole, contenders for the leadership of Canada’s Conservative Party.


The contest for leadership of Canada’s Conservative Party is in full swing. Erin O’Toole and the more moderate Peter McKay are the top candidates to succeed Andrew Scheer as party head. In February, the two rubbed shoulders with Ukrainian Nationalist lobbyists at the LUC gala and participated in a VIP reception with leaders of the CCSU – the Canadian coalition of Banderite organizations.

Stephen Harper was clearly the star of the show. The former prime minister’s photo ops showed him beside ICSU president Borys Potapenko; Andriy Levus, an OUN-B affiliated leader of the so-called “Capitulation Resistance Movement” in Ukraine; and Orest Steciw, former longtime president of the League of Ukrainian Canadians.

During the Cold War, Steciw chaired the Canadian branch of the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN), a crypto-fascist coalition of “national liberation movements” led by the OUN-B that claimed to speak for the “captive nations” of the Soviet Union. The ABN, believing World War Three to be “inevitable” and even necessary, all but called for a pre-emptive nuclear strike on Soviet Russia.

According to journalists Scott and Jon Lee Anderson, the ABN was “the largest and most important umbrella for Nazi collaborators in the world,” and a central component of the World Anti-Communist League. The three most recent leaders of the ICSU were all formerly affiliated with the now-defunct ABN.

In 1963, a leading Catholic Ukrainian Canadian weekly, Ukrainski Visti, condemned the extremism of the figures behind the ABN. In an editorial, the Visti slammed the “criminal ideas – ‘WE WANT WAR’ –” of the ABN leader Yaroslav Stetsko and the “Bandera Mafia”: “We believe that the uncompromising influences of the Banderaites [sic] are very strong,” the paper declared, “but the Ukrainian people and the peoples of the world want peace!”

The ideological heirs to this “we want war” movement were on stage with Harper at the recent LUC gala in Toronto. There, Andriy Shevchenko, the Ukrainian Ambassador to Canada, awarded the former Prime Minister the Order of Liberty – Ukraine’s highest honor for a non-citizen. Next, Borys Potapenko presented Harper with the “Pinnacle Award” on behalf of the ICSU. (The latter has only one prior recipient: former NATO Supreme Commander of Europe Gen. Wesley Clark in 2015.)

“What Prime Minister Stephen Harper has done for Ukraine during his time in office can only be compared to what Ronald Reagan did for the demise of the Soviet Union,” Potapenko effused. In 1995, following the USSR’s collapse, Potapenko wrote in the ABN’s newsletter that Russia should next be broken up into 21 independent states.

In his own speech, Harper concluded with a remarkable statement of support for the neo-Banderites: “I greatly admire the work you’re all doing as part of the International Council in Support of Ukraine, and all the organizations that it embraces… God bless all of you. God bless Canada. Slava Ukraini!

“Glory to the Heroes!” they answered. Originally performed with a fascist salute during World War Two, the Nationalist call and response was popularized in Ukraine by the anti-Yanukovych “Euromaidan,” or 2013-2014 “Revolution of Dignity,” supported by Western governments and hijacked by the far-right.

This was far from the only public engagement between leaders of the Banderite network and the Conservative Party. Harper made several visits to Ukraine during his time in office, often accompanied by ICSU representatives.

In 2010, Harper visited the “Lonsky Street Prison Museum,” an ICSU partner and possibly an OUN-B front, located at 1 Stepan Bandera Street in Lviv. In 1941, the prison was one of several sites where Jews were tortured and killed during a major pogrom largely carried out by OUN-B militiamen following Germans’ orders that left hundreds if not thousands of Jews dead.

The prison museum does not acknowledge this history, however, and instead glorifies the OUN-B. It paints a decidedly revisionist picture that primarily memorializes the Ukrainian victims of the Soviet secret police murdered there, and erases Ukrainian collaboration with Nazi occupiers and its Jewish victims.

Ruslan Zabily has directed the Holocaust-distorting museum for over a decade. In 2012, the organizations of the CCSU organized an extensive Canada-wide lecture tour for him culminating in photo ops between Zabily and then-Prime Minister Stephen Harper, during which the Canadian leader praised his museum.

Harper’s Conservative colleagues deepened their ties with the Banderites in October 2018 by meeting with visiting “youth leaders” from Ukraine who were, in fact, exponents of the OUN-B’s international apparatus.

The meeting was designed by the ultra-nationalist activists as a forum for marketing their nascent “Stop Revanche” campaign to sympathetic Canadian politicians.


The right-wing slogan, “Stop Revanche,” was developed in response to fears that pro-Russian politicians might achieve electoral success in Ukraine’s 2019 elections. The slogan picked up steam in response to the ascent of President Volodymyr Zelenskiy and his “Servant of the People” party. So did others such as “No Capitulation” and “Protect Ukraine.”

As a nationally beloved comedian with no political experience who nonetheless gained mass appeal with his call to resolve the separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine, and his depiction of an anti-corruption president on a fictional TV show (“Servant of the People”), Zelenskiy easily defeated the deeply unpopular, corrupt incumbent, Petro Poroshenko, who drifted hard to the right after taking office in 2014. Poroshenko’s nationalist base, exposed to represent a small minority of Ukrainians, fumed at the results.

As the US-funded RFE/RL reported last summer, “Revanche has emerged as one of the buzzwords of this extraordinary election cycle. Those posting, protesting, and pronouncing the word come from nationalist and right-wing political camps… and also from some pro-Western activists…”

From behind the scenes, the OUN-B aspires to lead a new Maidan-style revolution supported by “some pro-Western activists” but inevitably powered in large part by the neo-Nazi led Azov movement and other militant far-right groups. Through a wave of national demonstrations, Ukraine’s ultra-nationalists hope to drive Zelenskiy and all other pro-peace (“capitulationist”) elements from the government. In turn, they plan to recharge the proxy war in eastern Ukraine.

The political forces that launched the “Stop Revanche” slogan and visited Toronto in October 2018 played a prominent role in launching the anti-Zelenskiy “Resistance Movement” a year later.

The February 2020 LUC gala in Toronto represented the latest leg of this anti-peace campaign in the West. On hand for the event was Andriy Levus, the leader of an ICSU-affiliated NGO called Vilni Liudy, or “Free People,” that is a central engine of the “Capitulation Resistance Movement.” According to the latter’s Facebook page, both entities have an office in the OUN-B’s headquarters building in Kyiv.

In July 2019, following Zelenskiy’s friendly meeting with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in Ottawa, Conservative members of parliament O’Toole and James Bezan made an ominous public promise to all but militarily confront Russia if brought to power: “A Conservative government … will advocate for, and lead, a peacekeeping mission along the Ukraine-Russia border,” the two hardliners promised.

By pursuing a relationship with the Bandera lobby and apparently the Capitulation Resistance Movement as well, the Conservative Party leadership is effectively working to sabotage the roadmap to peace Zelenskiy is traversing to end the “frozen conflict” in eastern Ukraine.

As the League of Ukrainian Canadians’ closest allies in Ukraine are demanding that their government retake control of separatist territory and its eastern border with Russia before any elections take place in the rebel-held Donbas region, Conservative officials have proposed stationing Canadian troops there.

Although the Conservatives lost the 2019 Canadian national election, their cozy relationship with the transnational Banderivtsi could still drive a wedge between Ottawa and Kyiv, and prolong or even escalate the ongoing armed conflict in eastern Ukraine.

Considering its historic enthusiasm for a cataclysmic showdown with Russia, the OUN-B’s persistent presence in Western halls of power is no small cause for concern. Today, this crypto-fascist network is working to unite the right from Ottawa to Kyiv, bringing sympathetic Western officials in line with Ukrainian neo-Nazis to destabilize the Zelenskiy government and sabotage its bid for peace.

How a network of Ukrainian ultra-nationalists penetrated Canada’s Conservative Party to lobby for military conflict

Influential DC-based Ukrainian think tank hosts neo-Nazi activist convicted for racist violence

The US-Ukraine Foundation hosted notorious neo-Nazi militant Diana Vynohradova in a webinar this month. While legitimizing Ukrainian white supremacists, the think tank has forged close ties with foreign policy elites in Washington.
By Moss Robeson

The influential Washington-based US-Ukraine Foundation (USUF) hosted a webinar this July 15 about a documentary about Vasyl Slipak, a famed Ukrainian opera singer who died in 2016 fighting alongside the ultranationalist Right Sector’s “Volunteer Ukrainian Corps” (DUK) in eastern Ukraine.

The webinar featured an appearance by Diana Vynohradova (Kamlyuk), a sieg-heiling neo-Nazi decorated with white supremacist tattoos. Vynohradova was convicted of participating in a notorious racist murder and has incited hatred against Jews, denigrating them as “k****s.”

With her presence in the webinar, Vynohradova provided a shocking example of the mainstreaming of neo-Nazism in Ukrainian politics, and the tolerance for pro-NATO fascists in Washington. The USUF which provided her with the stamp of approval is a leading think tank of the Ukrainian diaspora with ties to the US State Department and anti-Russian foreign policy advisors in both parties.

Through its Friends Of Ukraine Network (FOUN), the USUF has recruited some of the most hardline anti-Russia foreign policy hands in the Beltway. The Canary UKreported last year that the USUF and FOUN are “pushing a frightening escalation of the armed conflict in Ukraine” through their annual policy recommendations to the US government, and that the FOUN has described itself as “the largest, highest level and most politically diverse group of Americans to call for arming Ukraine with American weapons.”

FOUN’s membership roll lists several fellows of the NATO-backed Atlantic Council, including Anders Aslund, former US Ambassador to Ukraine John Herbst, and Michael Carpenter, the executive director of the Penn-Biden Center and a top advisor to Democratic presidential nominee Joseph Biden. As The Grayzone’s Max Blumenthal reported, Carpenter helped host Andriy Parubiy, the far-right Ukrainian legislator and founder of the neo-fascist Social-National Party, when he visited Washington in 2018.

The USUF’s influence within the State Department was apparent during a December 2013 event where then-Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland boasted about the US government investing five billion dollars in post-Soviet Ukraine to “promote civic participation and good governance.”

Though it describes itself as a “do tank,” the USUF did not respond to a request for comment on its hosting of a Ukrainian neo-Nazi involved in racist violence.

Shortly before the USUF panel, a Ukrainian journalist was forced to flee Kyiv after co-authoring a report detailing a Ukrainian media outlet’s myriad ties to neo-Nazis, including Vynohradova.

Helping murder a Nigerian, inciting against Jews, intimidating journalists
On July 3, five days before the USUF announced its webinar featuring Vynohradova, a respected Ukrainian journalism site called Zaborona published an exposé of StopFake, a propagandistic “fact-checking” organization funded by the UK Foreign Office and several EU member states. The article dedicated over a paragraph to Diana Vynohradova, noting her close relationship with one of the main faces of StopFake, Marko Suprun.

Zaborona reported that Vynohradova was convicted in the early 2000s for her participation in the racist murder of a Nigerian citizen. “I don’t like Negroes,” her friend replied when asked why he stabbed the Nigerian to death.

While in prison, Vynohradova wrote poems for the notorious neo-Nazi band Sokyra Peruna. During the 2013-14 “Revolution of Dignity,” she advised protesters from the main stage on Kyiv’s Independence Square “not to give in to supplications from the kikes.”

In the past, Vynohradova wore a neo-Nazi “1488” tattoo on her right arm, but she has since covered it up. She has not bothered to hide the white supremacist Celtic Cross above it, however, and continues to sport a kolovrat necklace — a Slavic pagan symbol that resembles a swastika.

Just days before the USUF panel, Zaborona editor-in-chief Katerina Sergatskova fled Kyiv with her family after being doxxed by Ukrainian nationalists.

Celebrating the crypto-Nazi “Kommandos” summer camp for teens

During the USUF panel, Vynohradova was introduced by the moderator, retired Ukrainian Major General Volodymyr Havrylov, as a spokesperson for the … erm … Right Sector. Wherever she is, the general stated, Vynohradova is “doing something useful for the country, as always.”

Vynohradova opened her remarks by praising Vasyl Slipak. “I think he was a person [on] some kind of sacred mission,” she said of the ultra-nationalist martyr. “He had some superior force, as if other-wordly. Vasyl, for me, is a model that I bring up for children as we raise them.”

Later, Vynohradova panned her smartphone lens to a group of teenage Ukrainian nationalists gathered on a field and bearing a Right Sector flag.

“We [Right Sector] are doing youth camp here, of young patriots, the club named Kommandos,” the neo-Nazi explained. They promised to avenge the death of Slipak, calling him “this Great Knight of Ukraine.”

Slava, Slava, Slava!” (Glory, Glory, Glory!),” the youth chanted.

The “Kommandos” is a crypto-Nazi “military-patriotic” youth camp with attendees as young as ten years old. Vynohradova is its lead instructor. The campers’ t-shirts are produced by a white supremacist clothing brand, SvaStone, founded by Arseniy “Bilodub” Klimachev, the frontman of Sokyra Peruna and a leader of Right Sector.

Another Kommandos supporter is Anatoly Shponarsky, an MMA fighter with the neo-Nazi “14 words” tattooed on his stomach who provided the camp with “sports equipment.” The above photo of nationalist youth pretending to sleep in the shape of a swastika was uploaded to the camp’s official Facebook page last summer.

Besides serving as an organizer of “Right Youth” summer camps, Vynohradova has been involved in all three wings of the fascist Right Sector’s “national liberation movement,” as a spokesperson for the Right Sector’s Volunteer Ukrainian Corps (DUK), and as a member of the party’s leadership.


The moderator of the USUF panel, Ukrainian Major General Volodymyr Havrylov, was the former military attache at the US embassy. Markian Bilynskyj, the USUF’s vice president for field operations and director in Ukraine, facilitated the discussion, and presumably was responsible for inviting the neo-Nazi Vynohradova.

Oksana Koliada, the former Minister of Veterans Affairs in Ukraine (2019-20), was originally scheduled to participate in the webinar. With her help, according to journalist Oleksiy Kuzmenko, the Veterans Affairs Ministry was “hijacked” by the “Veterans Movement of Ukraine” (VMU), which the neo-Nazi Azov movement co-founded. Soon after her appointment, Koliada attended a concert organized by the VMU and headlined by Sokyra Peruna.

Metropolitan Archbishop Borys Gudziak, the highest authority of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church in the US, took Koliada’s place and began the USUF discussion. As the former Apostolic Exarchate for Ukrainian Greek Catholics in France, he knew Slipak, who lived in Paris before he returned to Ukraine in 2014.

“Vasyl was radical in everything,” Gudziak recalled.

“For some, you know, who see a picture or two or a clip or two, you might say, boy, he was some extreme nationalist,” said Gudziak. He didn’t deny this perception, but insisted that the truth was more complicated. “I think he was motivated by injustice … seeing Ukrainians, people of his blood, people of his nation, being harmed and killed … and he acted in a reflex.”

According to the Archbishop, Slipak should serve as an example for Ukrainians, “to take us out of our complacency, out of our bourgeois complaining … [and to] share what you have, give what you can. Maybe give your life itself. I think Vasyl Slipak will be speaking in this manner to all who will come to know his story.” Gudziak remained quiet for the rest of the webinar.

A documentary about Slipak screened at the start of the webinar. Entitled “Myth,” the film featured an animation based on Slipak’s last words: “I will dissolve [into Ukraine] and live forever.”

As a pool of blood spread into the shape of Ukraine, the slogan invoked Nazi concepts of blood and soil.

The 25-year-old Ukrainian legislator, Yana Zinkevych, joined the panel later on to emphasize the need to incorporate Vasyl Slipak’s story into the education of Ukrainian youth, and even high school textbooks, as an “example of sacrifice.”

The USUF’s Markian Bilynskyj agreed, declaring, “it goes back to what Archbishop Gudziak was saying,” that Slipak’s death should inspire others to encourage “more selfless involvement in society.”

Zinkevych was elected to Ukraine’s Parliament last summer as a member of the former president Petro Poroshenko’s “European Solidarity” party. She also served as commander of the “Hospitallers,” a medical battalion of the “Ukrainian Volunteer Army” led by Dmytro Yarosh, the founder and ex-leader of the far-right Right Sector.

Zinkevych and the Hospitallers were previously part of the DUK when Yarosh commanded Right Sector. Dmytro Yarosh issued an ominous warning to the liberal Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskiy last year, promising that he would be lynched if he “betrays” his country.

While serving as a high level member of Poroshenko’s ostensibly center-right party, Zinkevych has continued to associate with extremists in groups like Right Sector.


The far-right outfit Right Sector endorses the 20th century Ukrainian fascist concept of “Natiocracy,” which holds that Ukraine should be governed by a nationalist dictatorship. After the 2019 presidential election, it issued a statement suggesting the necessity of acting “outside of formal democratic procedures” in conjunction with allied “armed formations” to safeguard Ukraine’s independence. Even the NGO Freedom House, a US government-funded outfit that supports regime change operations abroad, has described Right Sector as “extremist.”

John Herbst, director of the Atlantic Council’s Eurasia Center and chairs the FOUN’s National Security Task Force, has done his best to downplay the influence of Right Sector. In 2018, he claimed to Newsweek, “Pravy Sektor was a real force years ago, but even then a limited force that Russia exaggerated, so that’s an old Kremlin propaganda piece…”

Anders Åslund, a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council and vice-chair of FOUN’s Economic Security Task Force, took the denial of Right Sector’s street muscle a step further in 2015, declaring it a fantasy “which Russian propaganda had created.”

If the “Friends of Ukraine” nestled in top Beltway think tanks truly believe that Right Sector is just a figment of “Kremlin propaganda,” they must not have watched the white supremacists starring in the latest webinar sponsored under their watch – or the film that screened before it began.

Below is a scene from “Myth,” the documentary on Vasyl Slipak that screened during the USUF webinar. Slipak can be seen standing on the far-right with his DUK unit. On the left, a Nazi “SS” symbol is visible on the wall.


Influential DC-based Ukrainian think tank hosts neo-Nazi activist convicted for racist violence

Neo-Nazi Patrik Mathews’s arrest highlights Ottawa’s support for Ukrainian far right

The recent arrest of a Canadian neo-Nazi on the run in the United States should embarrass the federal government — and not just for the obvious reasons.

Last week former Canadian Forces engineer Patrik Mathews pled not guilty to gun charges, a month after he was arrested by the FBI. The prosecution says he called for the poisoning of water supplies and derailment of trains in order to provoke conflict leading to the creation of a white ethnostate. Mathews had fled southward in August after he was outed as a recruiter for The Base, a neo-Nazi group that helped him go underground in the U.S.


Mathews’s case, of course, highlights concern about white supremacists in the Canadian Forces. While the issue has received recent attention, it’s as old as the Canadian military. Many commentators point to the 1990s Somalia affair, when Canadian soldiers tortured and murdered a Somali teenager while on a humanitarian mission, but up to the end of World War II, Royal Canadian Navy policy said that “candidates must be of pure European descent.” In other words, the problem of racism in the Canadian Forces is structural and longstanding, never having been properly acknowledged and dealt with.

But there is another angle to Mathews’s arrest that should concern every Canadian worried about the rise of the far right. The Base has ties to the most well-organized neo-Nazis in the world — whom Ottawa has not only failed to condemn, but in fact bolstered.

Ukraine’s ultranationalists

In 2014 the far right benefited from the right-wing nationalist EuroMaidan movement that ousted Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych. Ottawa supported the U.S.-backed coup against Yanukovych, who was oscillating between the European Union and Russia. In July 2015 the Canadian Press reported that opposition protesters were camped in the Canadian Embassy for a week during the February 2014 rebellion against Yanukovych. And since the mid-2000s, Canada has provided significant support to right-wing, nationalist opponents of Russia in Ukraine.

Out of the EuroMaidan movement came ultranationalist paramilitaries Azov Battalion and Right Sector, which “electrified the neo-Nazi movement” in North America and Europe, notes commentator Jordan Green. The war in Ukraine has attracted many extremists and white supremacists, who see it as a training ground and travel there to meet with ultranationalists.

Canada also funds, equips, and trains the neo-Nazi–infiltrated National Police of Ukraine.

“The Base and its leader wanted to form concrete links between Ukrainian ultra-nationalist military units and the global neo-Nazi movement,” says a recent Vice article. One member of The Base arrested alongside Mathews sought to fight in Ukraine, according to the prosecution.

Mollie Saltskog, an intelligence analyst at Soufan Center, which researches global security, compared the extreme right’s ties to Ukraine to Al Qaeda’s nesting grounds. “The conflict in eastern Ukraine is to the white supremacists what Afghanistan was to the Salafi-jihadists in the 80’s and 90’s,” she told Vice. “Remember, al-Qaeda, for which the English translation is ‘The Base,’ was born out of the conflict in Afghanistan.”

Military and police support

Canada provides both military and police support to Ukraine. As part of Operation UNIFIER, 200 Canadian members of the military — rotated every six months — work with Ukrainian forces that have integrated right-wing militias. Colonel Brian Irwin, Canada’s defence attaché in Kiev, met with officers of the Azov Battalion in 2018. According to Azov, which wears the Nazi Wolfsangel symbol and extols officials who helped murder Jews and Poles during World War II, Canadian military officials concluded the briefing by expressing “their hopes for further fruitful cooperation.”


Alongside the U.S., Canada also funds, equips, and trains the neo-Nazi–infiltrated National Police of Ukraine, which was founded in 2015 to replace the former regime’s police force. A former deputy commander of the Azov Battalion, Vadim Troyan, has had a series of senior positions in the National Police of Ukraine, including acting chief. And early last year, when a police officer was recorded disparaging a far-right protester as a supporter of Stepan Bandera — who aligned with the Nazi occupation during World War II, carrying out murderous campaigns against Poles and Jews — the National Police chief, a National Police spokesperson, an Interior Ministry advisor, and others repudiated the officer by publicly professing their admiration for the Nazi collaborator.

Foreign Minister Stéphane Dion announced $8.1 million in funding for the National Police of Ukraine in 2016. Canada has provided the force with thousands of uniforms and cameras and helped establish the country’s first national police academy. Canada committed up to 20 police officers to help the Ukrainian police in 2016. By July 2019 that commitment had more than doubled to 45 officers and the deployment was extended to 2021.

War proxy

The Ukrainian government has included a number of neo-Nazis over the past few years. During his 2016 trip to Ukraine, Trudeau was photographed with Ukrainian speaker of the Parliament Andriy Parubiy, a leader of the far right who had founded a party with Nazi branding. Liberal and other party politicians in Canada have also attended festivals and marched in parades featuring contingents supporting Ukraine’s Right Sector, which has described itself as “defending the values of white, Christian Europe.”

While they talk about the danger of the far right, the Liberals have voted against a UN resolution titled “Combating glorification of Nazism, neo-Nazism and other practices that contribute to fuelling contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance” because they thought it targeted Ukraine. In 2015 a draft of the resolution was opposed only by Canada, the U.S., Palau and Ukraine. Last November another vote on the draft resolution was held — Canada abstained while only the U.S. and Ukraine voted against it.

At this point it seems unlikely that far-right groups like The Base will gain significant traction in Canada. But if they do, it will be in part due to blowback from Canadian policy that views Ukraine as a proxy in Washington’s campaign to weaken Russia. Don’t expect the Canadian corporate media to report on this angle of Patrik Mathews’s arrest though.

Yves Engler’s latest book is House of Mirrors: Justin Trudeau’s Foreign Policy.



Bernie Farber: Canada’s monument to Nazi soldiers

The issue that erupted last week concerning the vandalism of a stone cenotaph in St. Volodymyr Ukrainian Cemetery in Oakville, Ont., has resulted in many frayed emotions coming to light.

The monument in question, which was established by the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada in the early 1980s, memorializes some of the Ukrainian soldiers who fought during the Second World War.

It was built in honour of the members of the 14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS who fought on behalf of the Nazi regime against the Soviet Red Army. And it is here where today’s modern battle of words really begins.

There have been longstanding, bitter tensions between Ukraine and Russia and the Second World War was seen by some Ukrainian nationalists as a means by which to shake off the Soviet yoke of oppression once and for all. Caught in the crossfire between these two long-standing enemies was Ukraine’s historic Jewish population.

Relations amongst Ukrainians, Russians and Jews also has a difficult history. There were times of enlightenment, but sadly, the regular, violent outbursts of anti-Semitism, from the pogroms to the massacres of Ukrainian Jews during the Holocaust, make it difficult to gracefully view any of the better times when Jews and Judaism flourished in that part of eastern Europe.

The 14th Waffen Grenadier Division honoured in the Oakville cemetery had its beginnings in early 1943. By that time, many Jews had already become the victims of Nazi mass shootings from Einsatzgruppen units (Nazi mobile killing units), in which many Ukrainians played a heartless role


There remains much debate as to whether or not the Ukrainians who assisted in the roundup and murder of Jews were compelled to do so, but mass graves speak all too poignantly of the fact that Jews were murdered in the hundreds of thousands on what is now Ukrainian soil.

The most infamous of these mass murders took place at Babi Yar on Sept. 29 and 30, 1941. In that ravine, over a two day period, 33,771 Jews were murdered in what is today known as the “Holocaust by Bullets.” The mass execution was so large and ruthless, it required the help of SS police battalions, the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police and regular German soldiers.


All of this history must come into play when understanding the significance of the present-day monument in Oakville. To some, it honours heroes fighting for their national pride and to others, it reflects the evil and blood-chilling brutality of the murder of innocents.

While the role that the 14th Waffen Grenadier Division played in the atrocities that took place during that time is still being fiercely debated, there is no doubt that the division honoured by the cenotaph found in the St. Volodymyr cemetery was part of the Nazi Waffen-SS. They were under the command of the Nazi regime.

And it is here where the Halton Regional Police made an error in originally describing the investigation of the vandalism as a potential “hate crime” under Sec. 319 of the Criminal Code. “The Nazi Party/SS,” as Halton Police Chief Stephen Tanner later clarified in a statement, “are by no means a protected group under any hate crime legislation.”


The department has since apologized and continues to investigate the vandalism as a property crime.

Here in Canada, we are struggling with what to do with the statues and monuments of a bygone era that require historical adjustments and better understanding. Removing this monument will require the Ukrainian-Canadian community to take a hard look at its own history. Claiming that the division was not under Nazi command is a denial of history and needs to be confronted.

Nazis of all stripes were involved in the subjugation of millions. Everyone who fought for that evil regime bears some responsibility for the murder of six million Jews, including 1.5 million children.

That needs to be our focus. Memorializing anyone from any country who was involved in fighting under the Nazis, no matter their claimed objectives, must be rethought.

National Post

Bernie M. Farber is the son of a Holocaust survivor and chair of the Canadian Anti-Hate Network.



Long history of Ukrainian-Canadian groups glorifying Nazi collaborators exposed by defacing of Oakville memorial

News broke on July 17 that a war memorial honouring Ukrainian Nazis who served with the German SS recently had the phrase “Nazi war memorial” painted on it. These Nazis were part of the openly fascist Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, in the 14th Volunteer Waffen-SS Grenadier Division (the Galicia Division). The Wiesenthal Center’s Canadian representative, Sol Littman, explained that this SS division largely comprised Ukrainians who served with Nazi police battalions and death squads.

They committed many massacres and crimes against humanity, including the Huta Pieniacka murder of 850 to 900 citizens of Polish descent. The Halton Regional Police were originally investigating the incident as a “hate crime,” but were forced to change the description of the incident to “vandalism.”

Ukranian Nazi collaborators: From working for the Nazis, to crushing the insurgent Canadian left in the 1950s

The Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists was founded in 1929. Its fascist and openly anti-Semitic ideology was that Jews and Russian-speaking citizens must be removed from Ukrainian society at any cost. They enthusiastically collaborated with Nazi Germany in the 1940s to exterminate Jews, Russians, and anyone who attempted to protect them. The OUN was only forced out of Ukraine after the USSR took control of the country, upon the end of the Second World War.

The Ukrainian fascists found new homes in Canada, where the ideology of anti-communism was extremely potent. Peter Vronsky, a former documentary Director at the National Film board revealed that:

“a little known US-financed group in Canada called the “Canadian Christian Council for the Resettlement of Refugees” privately lobbied the Canadian government in the 1950s to admit former Nazi Waffen-SS ‘foreign legion volunteers’ like the Moslem Bosnian-Albanian Nazi SS troopers, Ukrainian SS volunteers, and others, to come to Sudbury wholesale to work in the mines.”

The Jewish News of North California reported that the Canadian government admitted more than 2,000 Ukrainian members of the Nazi 14th SS Division in the 1950s. This was done to crush the burgeoning leftist Ukrainian diaspora that was building up during the previous few years.

One way of getting into postwar Canada “was by showing the SS tattoo,” Canadian historian Irving Abella told 60 Minutes interviewer Mike Wallace in 1997. “This proved that you were an anti-Communist.”

Canada knowingly failed to report them to Germany, resulting in many of the 1,882 recipients of the German “victim pensions” being Ukranian Nazis living in Canada.  Many former Nazis, including suspected war criminals such as Radislav Grujicic, were paid by the RCMP to provide intelligence reports on left-wing immigrants who had recently came to Canada, reported the CBC in 1996.

In 1995, a Toronto Star article exposed that a Canadian mining company, INCO, utilised Ukrainian Nazi collaborators to crush leftist labour organizing in the early 1960s. As a whole, they were crucial in shaping the anti-leftist lean of Canadian unions, resulting in the current centrist and right-wing unions which are being crushed by the bosses today. 


Ukrainian-Canadian nationalism: A proud tradition of whitewashing Ukrainian collaboration with the Nazis to this day

In the present day, the Oakville memorial to the Nazi SS Galicia Divison is far from the only memorial honouring Ukrainian Nazi collaborators in Canada. In 2010, the Canadian government authorized a memorial to the “victims of communism” after an aggressive campaign from Tribute to Liberty. This group minimizes Nazi war crimes, in favour of targeting the Soviet Union, which lost 25 million citizens in the fight against fascism, during World War II. The Liberals have continued to support it, even after public outcry forced the monument to be downsized and moved out of its spot near the Supreme Court of Canada.

The “victims of communism” memorial is based on an incompetently sourced database, which even considered Nazis as victims. This concept relies on The Black Book of Communism, which counts Nazicollaborating fascists, anti-Semitic White Army fighters and czarist officers who oversaw genocidal pogroms against Jews in its list of “victims of communism.” Contributors to the book admitted that the book’s editor Stephane Courtois fabricated the numbers to arrive at the much parroted 100 million figure. It also minimizes the horrific crimes of fascism, ignores the deaths under the capitalist economic system, while portraying communism as the greatest threat.

The memorial’s farcical justification is symbolic of the glorification of Ukranian Nazi collaborators in modern day Canada.

Chrystia Freeland, Canada’s former foreign affairs minister, and current Deputy Prime Minister knows all about glorifying Ukrainian Nazi collaborators.

Chrystia Freeland & neo-Nazi glorifying Ukrainian-Canadian groups in modern day Canada

Freeland is also deeply connected with the Ukrainian Canadian Congress (UCC) and the League of Ukranian Canadians (LUC), which glorify the fascist Union of Ukranian Nationals group and Ukranian Nazi collaborators. The UCC considers the fascist nazi collaborator Stepan Bandera, the fascist political and military leader of the Bandera faction of the Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists, OUN, as one of Ukraine’s greatest national heroes. They both honour Yaroslav Stetsko, Bandera’s right-hand man, who stated in his 1941 autobiography:

“I therefore support the destruction of the Jews and the expedience of bringing German methods of exterminating Jewry to Ukraine, barring their assimilation and the like.”

The group’s youth division often marches with portraits of Bandera and Stetsko, while posing for photos with Bandera’s portrait in back. On the 100th birthday of Bandera, the UCC’s youth group even participated in a ceremony, in which they performed patriot Ukrainian songs to honour him.


Freeland has followed the UCC line on Bandera, describing him as a “western Ukrainian partisan leader … who led a guerrilla war against the Nazis and the Soviets.

She has repeatedly marched with the youth groups which venerate Bandera, supporting the indoctrination which makes a martyr out of Bandera.

In 2014 and 2016, Freeland marched in and promoted Toronto’s Ukrainian Festival included which fundraising efforts by Right Sector Canada, a neo-nazi group.  Their goal was to purchase military equipment for their fighters in Ukraine.  The Right Sector glorifies Stepan Bandera, and wants to “build a nationalist Ukrainian state and stage a nationalist revolution”.


In 2017, it was exposed that Freeland’s maternal grandfather — Michael Chomiak — was a fascist propagandist. Freeland claimed that this was “Russian disinformation”, but the truth had been exposed for all to see. Chomiak ran Krakow News, a Ukrainian-language newspaper, out of Nazi occupied Krakow, Poland. The paper praised Hitler, ran giant ads for Ukrainian SS recruitment, and spread antisemitic propaganda which justified the slaughter of Jews, Poles and Russians. Chomiak had multiple safe opportunities to escape the Nazis, yet chose to stay at every opportunity.

Chomiak’s Nazi collaboration was exposed by a small academic journal in the 1990s, yet Freeland continued to praise and idolise Chomiak for decades. Even after becoming an MP for the Toronto-Centre riding in a 2013 by-election, Freeland continued to praise the Nazi collaborator. Trudeau lobbied Freeland to run for the Liberals in the by-election, and has failed to challenge her support for Ukranian neo-Nazis ever since she was elected.

In 2016, Freeland tweeted this on Black Ribbon Day, which commemorates victims of both Stalinism and Nazism:  “Thinking of my grandparents Mykhailo & Aleksandra Chomiak on Black Ribbon Day. They were forever grateful to Canada for giving them refuge and they worked hard to return freedom and democracy to Ukraine. I am proud to honour their memory today.”

Given her close ties to Ukrainian nationalists and neo-nazis, it is far from surprising that this support would lead to her using the position of power as foreign minister to actively support Ukrainian neo-Nazi militias, including the Azov Battalion.

Canada’s support for Ukrainian Neo-Nazi Militias

The Azov Battalion was formed out of the neo-Nazi gang Patriot of Ukraine. Azov’s original commander, Andriy Biletsky stated that Ukraine’s mission should be to “lead the White Races of the world in a final crusade…against the Semite-led Untermenschen.”

Multiple Western outlets have confirmed that the militia is a neo-nazi one: The New York Times called the battalion “openly neo-Nazi,” while USA TodayThe Daily BeastThe Telegraph, and Haaretz documented group members’ proclivity for swastikas, salutes, and other Nazi symbols, and individual fighters have also acknowledged being neo-Nazis. The unit has recruited neo-Nazis from Germany, the UKBrazilSweden, and America.

In June 2014, Ukraine formally integrated extremist far-right militias including the Aidar, Dnipro, Donbass, and Azov battalions into the National Guard, which is led by Ministry of Internal Affairs.

These militias have also been accused of committing war crimes on multiple occasions, while in spring 2018, a lethal wave of anti-Roma pogroms swept through Ukraine, with at least six attacks in two months. The C14 and the National Druzhina,  the two gangs behind the the attacks, proudly posted pogrom videos on social media. National Druzhina is a part of the Azov Battalion.

These groups, and even the Ukranian National Police leadership share the UCC and LUC’s reverence for Stepan Bandera, a Ukrainian Nazi collaborator and OUN leader.

In 2015, the Stephen Harper government initiated Operation UNIFIER, a program which saw the Canadian Armed Forces supply the Ukrainian military and paramilitary police units with training and weapons. Freeland never condemned the effective funding of Ukrainian neo-Nazi militias, refused to cancel the program, and proceeded to extend the UNIFIER program until 2022.

While there have been limited attempts by multiple countries to prevent weapons from reaching the militias, the Daily Beast reported that these efforts have miserably failed.

Volodymyr Zelensky, who made reaching peace with Russia a major part of his platform, was elected as Ukraine’s new President in April 2019. The neo-Nazi militias have accused Zelensky of “treason” against the Ukrainian state, while actively blocking demilitarization efforts led by the Ukrainian military. In October 2019, the Azov Battalion even replaced soldiers who were withdrawing from the Zolote region.

It is clear that these neo-Nazis hold tremendous power in Ukraine, which they hope to use to eventually use to take control of Ukraine, and based on the statements of neo-Nazi militia leaders, commit genocide against Jews, the Roma population and other minorities in the country. It is an utter disgrace that two major Ukrainian-Canadian groups, and Deputy Prime Minster Freeland continue to support funding these neo-Nazi militias, risking the rise of a new fascist state in Europe.



Nazis are VICTIMS of hate crime? Police launch probe into graffiti on monument to SS soldiers, Canadians stunned it even exists

News that graffiti on a memorial to Nazi soldiers is being treated as a “hate crime” has stunned many Canadians, who were not only baffled by the police’s logic but also seemingly unaware that their country hosted such a monument.

The object in question, which was erected for Ukrainian nationalists who fought for the Nazis as part of the infamous 1st Galician Division of the SS during World War II, had been defaced in late June.

Located at the Saint Volodymyr Ukrainian Cemetery in Oakville, Ontario, the cenotaph reportedly had the words “Nazi war monument” painted on it some weeks ago – pretty accurately describing the essence of this particular memorial.

A hate crime investigation into the incident was launched by the police several days later. Law enforcement opted against releasing photos of the graffiti to the public to prevent “further spreading” of the message. Moss Robeson, a researcher writing about the actions of the Ukrainian Nazi collaborators in North America, was one of the first to notice the controversial probe and post about it on Twitter earlier this month.



Racist Feminism: National Organization for Women Members Say Racism Ran Rampant

In interviews with The Daily Beast, nearly a dozen members, staff and visitors remembered women of color who were heckled, silenced or openly confused at NOW meetings and offices. The behavior culminated at the 2017 conference, with witnesses saying members dismissed Fortson-Washington, a black woman who “angry” and justified, and accused weeks of being a “hot-headed Latina.” On the last day of the conference, more than a dozen women marched around a meeting room to protest racism in the organization.

But the problem didn’t stop there. Internal emails, documents and interviews obtained by the Daily Beast reveal that allegations of racism reached the highest levels in the organization after weeks and Fortson-Washington’s loss. More than a dozen employees at national headquarters signed a letter accusing President Toni Van Pelt of sidelining and confusing women for color, and the former vice president has brought a federal racial discrimination suit.

“I’m a black woman, I’ve experienced racism,” a former employee told The Daily Beast. “But what happened … I’ve never experienced that before.”

Shortly after The Daily Beast reached out for comment, Van Pelt sent an email to all NU board members, state presidents, staff and PAC members apologizing for all the wounds she had caused and pledged to five actions to improve racism in the organization.

“All black lives matter,” she wrote. “As a white woman, I will never understand the experiences of women of color. I challenge myself to tackle structural racism and recognize that this is a lifelong, sustained process. I understand that it is critical to recognize my own privilege and strive to be a better ally. As the leader of NOW and leader of the intermediate feminist movement, I have to hold myself and our organization accountable for doing more. “

“When I joined the feminist movement, I thought I was joining this big sisterhood, and that was the biggest disappointment of my life.”

– Monica Weeks


National Organization for Women Members Say Racism Ran Rampant

Feds say neo-Nazi busted on gun charge had huge arsenal at time of arrest

Washington — A federal judge in Texas released video and audio recordings of a self-proclaimed neo-Nazi who pleaded guilty to illegally possessing firearms after being arrested in tactical gear with multiple rifles, 2,000 rounds of ammunition and drugs during a traffic stop in November.

Aiden Bruce-Umbaugh, 23, is allegedly associated with a neo-Nazi hate group called the AtomWaffen Division, federal prosecutors in the U.S. Attorney’s Office in the Northern District of Texas said. While he is not charged with any hate crimes, videos released by the court indicate he knew why he drew the attention of federal law enforcement.

“I assume you’re here because of my swastika flag and my firearms,” he said to investigators after being taken into custody.


This Is What Racism Sounds Like in the Banking Industry

Jimmy Kennedy earned $13 million during his nine-year career as a player in the National Football League. He was the kind of person most banks would be happy to have as a client.

But when Mr. Kennedy tried to become a “private client” at JPMorgan Chase, an elite designation that would earn him travel discounts, exclusive event invitations and better deals on loans, he kept getting the runaround.

At first, he didn’t understand why. Then, last fall, he showed up at his local JPMorgan branch in Arizona, and an employee offered an explanation.

“You’re bigger than the average person, period. And you’re also an African-American,” the employee, Charles Belton, who is black, told Mr. Kennedy. “We’re in Arizona. I don’t have to tell you about what the demographics are in Arizona. They don’t see people like you a lot.” Mr. Kennedy recorded the conversation and shared it with The New York Times.