Pakistan’s neo-colonial rule of Balochistan

The people of Balochistan are demanding an end to Pakistani military operations and the restoration of self-rule

Tuesday 1 April 2008 19.00 BST

 

This week is the 60th anniversary of the Pakistani invasion, annexation and occupation of the independent state of Balochistan. On April 1, 1948, Pakistani troops poured across the border. Ever since, Balochistan has been under illegal military rule from Islamabad.

The Baloch people were never asked if they wanted to be part of Pakistan. They never voted to join Pakistan. Indeed, the Baloch parliament voted unanimously against incorporation into the new Pakistani state.

Thousands of Baloch people have been massacred, hundreds of thousands made refugees, and thousands more have disappeared or been tortured and jailed, often without trial. Pakistan is guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Baluchistan’s natural resources have been looted by Pakistan’s political, military and big business elite, while most Baloch people live in abject poverty. The Balochi language and culture have been suppressed in classic colonialist style.

Details of Pakistan’s human rights abuses in Balochistan are well documented by Pakistani and international human rights groups, including the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (see two HRCP reports hereand here), the Asian Human Rights Commission, the International Crisis Group and by Amnesty International.

Last year, I interviewed Mehran Baluch, the Baloch representative to the UN Human Rights Council, about the subjugation of his people. You can watch the interview here.

The latest Pakistani military offensives in Balochistan, which were launched in December 2007 and February 2008, have involved the indiscriminate bombing of civilian areas and the mass slaughter of livestock, which is deliberately designed to starve the people in pro-nationalist towns and villages.

Baloch leader Akbar Khan Bugti was killed by Pakistani security services in 2006. Akhtar Mengal, a former Chief Minister of Balochistan, has beenjailed without trial since December 2006. Another nationalist leader, Balaach Marri, was murdered by the Pakistani military in November last year.

The Baloch people are demanding an end to Pakistani military operations, the release of political prisoners, a fair share of the natural resources in their own country, and the restoration of self-rule.

Last Sunday, these demands were echoed by Baloch, Sindhi and British human rights campaigners, who protested outside Downing Street. They handed in a letter to the prime minister, Gordon Brown. It was signed and delivered by Suleman Ahmadzai, the Khan of Kalat, Mohammad Akbar Baluch of the Balochistan Action Committee UK, and Dr Haleem Bhatti and Lakhumal Luhana of the World Sindhi Congress.

The letter documented the forced incorporation of Balochistan into Pakistan:

“In accordance to clauses of the 1876 treaty between the Kalat State (Balochistan) and the British Empire, the independence of Kalat was announced by the then ruler of Kalat, Mir Ahmad Yar Khan, in 1947, prior to the creation of Pakistan.

“After the partition of India and the creation of the religious state of Pakistan, the newly-independent Baloch state came under tremendous pressure both from Pakistan and the colonial authorities in India for a merger of the Kalat with Pakistan. However, both the houses of parliament of Kalat (House of Commons and House of Lords) unanimously voted not to join Pakistan and resolved to retain its independence.

“Ultimately, when the Pakistani government could not bend the Baloch will to remain independent by sabre rattling, the Pakistan army invaded the Kalat State to get the merger statement from the Khan of Kalat at gunpoint.”

The letter concluded by appealing to the British government to press the government of Pakistan to halt its military offensive in Balochistan and grant the people of Balochistan self-rule.

This appeal to Gordon Brown is all the more relevant and urgent because the Pakistani army and air force are being assisted by the British and US governments, which have given military equipment to the Musharraf regime. US-supplied F-16 fighter aircraft and Cobra attack helicopters are currently being used to bomb and strafe civilian areas of Balochistan.

Britain has, thus, not only reneged on its historic treaty pledge to protect the Baloch people, it has supplied weapons to the murderous Pakistani army and colluded with the dictator Pervez Musharraf.

This collusion appears to include cooperation with the Musharraf’s murderous intelligence agencies. Two leading exiled Baloch human rights activists in the UK have been charged with preparing acts of terrorism. It is widely suspected that their arrest in London has been at the request of the military and security services in Pakistan. Many Baloch people and their British supporters believe these two defendants are innocent and that the charges have been instigated at the request of Musharraf’s thugs. One of the arrested men is Hyrbyair Marri, a former Balochistan MP and government minister. The Pakistani army assassinated his brother Balaach Marri last November.

Balochistan was never part of the British Indian Empire. From 1876, it was a self-governing British Protectorate.

In August 1947, Britain granted Balochistan independence, separately from India and Pakistan, as it did with Nepal. This independence was short-lived. On April 1, 1948, Pakistan sent troops to conquer the Baloch people. They have remained there for the last six decades, blanketing the country with hundreds of military garrison posts to suppress the people. If the Baloch people are happy and free, as Islamabad claims, why is there a need for this suffocating military presence?

Pakistan was once a victim of colonialism. Now it has turned colonial master and is subjecting Balochistan to colonial-style subjugation. The Baloch people, like all people everywhere, have a right to self-determination, democracy, human rights and social justice.

Whether self-determination means the restoration of independence or regional autonomy within a federal Pakistan is a matter for the Baloch people. The best way to resolve this issue would be for the new democratic government of Pakistan to authorise an internationally supervised and monitored referendum to allow the people of Balochistan to freely and democratically determine their own future.

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2008/apr/01/pakistansneocolonialrule

Worry about your own minorities, India tells Pak

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New Delhi: Pakistan should worry about minorities in its own country, India’s Information Minister Manish Tewari and Home Secretary RK Singh said on Monday in response to Pakistan minister Rehman Malik’s statement that New Delhi should provide security to actor Shah Rukh Khan.

Both Tewari and RK Singh spoke in near identical terms to decry Pakistani interior minister’s statement in Islamabad on the Bollywood star, who found himself in the thick of another controversy after his comments on being a Muslim led to Jamaat-ud Dawa chief Hafiz Saeed saying he could move to Pakistan.

“Instead of introspection of how minorities in India are being treated, he (Malik) should contemplate how he can improve condition of minority in his country,” Tewari told reporters here.

He said it would be better for Pakistan if Malik paid attention to domestic matters of his own country rather than worry about such things.

“Test of democracy is the way you treat your minority rather than majority. The UPA (United Progressive Alliance) government has strived to see every citizen in the same light and given equal right under the constitution,” he said.

The home secretary spoke out too. “We are quite capable of looking after security of our own citizens… let him (Malik) worry about security of his own,” he said.

The 47-year-old actor had written in Outlook Turning Points magazine, published in association with The New York Times: “I sometimes become the inadvertent object of political leaders who choose to make me a symbol of all that they think is wrong and unpatriotic about Muslims in India.”

“There have been occasions when I have been accused of bearing allegiance to our neighbouring nation rather than my own country – this even though I am an Indian, whose father fought for the freedom of India. Rallies have been held where leaders have exhorted me to leave and return what they refer to my original homeland,” added the superstar of Hindi cinema.

He went on say that he became so sick of being mistaken for some crazed terrorist, “who co-incidentally carries the same name as mine that I made a film subtly titled ‘My Name Is Khan’ (and I am not a terrorist) to prove a point”.

“Ironically, I was interrogated at the airport for hours about my last name when I was going to promote the film in America for the first time,” said the filmstar.

Reality of Sexual Grooming Gangs in the UK (Interview with Andrew Norfolk by SAS)

 

Cutting edge report with leading UK Journalist Andrew Norfolk(The Times) and the Sikh Awareness Society on sexual grooming gangs in Britain in response to the report released today by Sue Berelowitz, Deputy Children’s Commissioner, which fails to address the fact that there is an ethnic trend within the gangs. http://www.sasorg.co.uk

 

 

 

Pakistan continuing their war against Hindus and non-muslims

Struggle for Hindu Existence

Pakistan the Hell for Hindus.

100-year-old Hindu temple demolished in Karachi, angry Hindus ask Pakistan Govt to arrange tickets to India as their safe Home. 

pakistan a hell for HindusKARACHI | Dec. 2nd 2012 :: In a hectic operation with all Islamic enthusiasm to  vandalize an ‘infidel place of worship’, a Pakistani Muslim builder agency demolished a century-old Hindu temple in Soldier Bazaar in Karachi on Saturday morning while the Sindh High Court was hearing a petition seeking a stay order.

Apart from razing down the pre-partition Shri Rama Pir Mandir, the private builder also demolished four or five Hindu houses located next to it. Over 40 people of Hindu faith has become homeless as a result.

“They destroyed our mandir and humiliated our gods,” said an angry Prakash, pointing towards the huge debris of concrete, stones and walls of the temple. The demolishing team did place the statues of four Hindu deities on the side but the residents…

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Pakistan’s minority Hindus feel under attack

 

 

 

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They came after dusk and chanted into the night sky “Kill the Hindus, kill the children of the Hindus,” as they smashed religious icons, ripped golden bangles off women’s arms and flashed pistols. It wasn’t the first time that the Hindu temple on the outskirts of Pakistan’s largest city was attacked, and residents here fear it will not be the last.

“People don’t consider us as equal citizens. They beat us whenever they want,” said Mol Chand, one of the teenage boys gathered at the temple. “We have no place to worship now.”

It was the second time the Sri Krishna Ram temple has been attacked, and this time the mob didn’t even bother to disguise their faces. The small temple, surrounded by a stone wall, is a tiny religious outpost in a dusty, hardscrabble neighborhood so far on the outskirts of the city that a sign on the main road wishes people leaving Karachi a good journey.

Local Muslim residents blamed people from a nearby ethnic Pashtun village for the attack, which took place in late September on the Day of Love for the Prophet, a national holiday declared by the government in response to an anti-Islam film made in the U.S. No one was seriously injured in the attack.

It was the latest in a rising tide of violence and discrimination against Hindus in this 95 percent Muslim country, where Islamic extremism is growing. Pakistan’s Hindu community says it faces forced conversions of Hindu girls to Islam, a lack of legal recognition for their marriages, discrimination in services and physical abuse when they venture into the streets.

The story of the Hindu population in Pakistan is one of long decline. During partition in 1947, the violent separation of Pakistan and India into separate countries, hundreds of thousands of Hindus opted to migrate to India where Hinduism is the dominant religion. Those that remained and their descendants now make up a tiny fraction of Pakistan’s estimated 190 million citizens, and are mostly concentrated in Sindh province in the southern part of the country.

Signs of their former stature abound in Karachi, the capital of Sindh. At the 150-year-old Swami Narayan Temple along one of the city’s main roads, thousands of Hindus gather during the year to celebrate major religious holidays. Hindus at the 200-year-old Laxmi Narain Temple scatter the ashes of their cremated loved ones in the waters of an inlet from the Arabian Ocean.

But there are also signs of how far the community has fallen. Residents in a city hungry for land have begun to build over Hindu cemeteries, the community’s leaders say. Hindus helped build Karachi’s port decades ago, but none work there now.

Estimates of the size of the Hindu population in Pakistan are all over the map _ from 2.5 million or 10 million in Sindh province alone to 7 million across the country _ a reflection of the fact that the country hasn’t had a census since 1998.

It isn’t just Hindus who are facing problems. Other minorities like Christians, the mystical Muslim branch of Sufis and the Ahmadi sect have found themselves under attack in Pakistan, where the rise of Muslim fundamentalists has sometimes unleashed a violent opposition against those who don’t follow their strict religious tenets.

The discrimination has prompted some Hindus to leave for India, activists warn, though the extent is not known. Around 3,000 Hindus left this year, part of a migration that began four years ago, sparked by discrimination and a general rise in crime in Sindh, said DM Maharaj, who heads an organization to help Hindus called Pakistan Hindu Sabha.

He said he recently talked to a group of Hindus preparing to move to India from rural Sindh, complaining that they can’t eat in Muslim restaurants or that Muslim officials turned them down for farming loans. Even during recent floods, they said Muslims did not want them staying in the same refugee camps.

Other Hindu figures such as provincial assembly member Pitamber Sewami deny there’s a migration at all, in a reflection of how sensitive the issue is. Earlier this year, there were a string of reports in Pakistani media about Hindus leaving the country, sparking a flurry of promises by Pakistani officials to investigate.

In India, a Home office official said the Indian government noticed an upward trend of people coming from Pakistan but called reports of Pakistanis fleeing to India “exaggerated.” He said he does not have exact figures on how many Pakistani Hindus have stayed in India after entering the country on tourist visas. The official spoke on condition of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the topic.

There’s more of a consensus of the seriousness of the problem of forced conversion of Hindus.

Zohra Yusuf, the president of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan says the pattern goes like this: A Hindu girl goes missing and then resurfaces days or weeks later married to a Muslim boy. During court hearings to determine whether the conversion was voluntary, students from nearby Islamic schools called madrassas often flood the room, trying to intimidate the judges by chanting demands that the conversion be confirmed.

Maharaj says he’s tried to intervene in roughly 100 cases of forced conversions but has only succeeded in returning a girl safely back to her family once. If a girl decides to renounce Islam and return to Hinduism, she could be signing a death warrant for herself and her family even if her conversion was forced.

The Hindu community has also been hurt by a lack of unity within its ranks. Hindu society within Pakistan and elsewhere has historically been divided by caste, a system of social stratification in which the lower castes are often seen as inferior. Members of the lower castes in Pakistan say it wasn’t until two girls from a high-caste family were forcibly converted this year that high-caste Hindus took the issue seriously, although it’s been happening for years.

“We always fight our war ourselves,” said Bholoo Devjee, a Hindu activist from Karachi, speaking about the lower castes.

In recent months the government has begun to take the concerns of the Hindu community more seriously. In Sindh province, legislators proposed a law to prevent forced conversions in part by implementing a waiting period before a marriage between a Hindu and a Muslim can go forward, and there’s discussion about proposing such a law on the national level as well.

In the case of the Sri Krishna Ram temple, law enforcement authorities opened a blasphemy case against the people who rampaged through the building. But residents here are skeptical that these developments signify any long-term improvement in their plight. Weeks after the incident no arrests have been made, and the Hindus complain that no high-ranking Hindu officials have come to visit them or help them get compensation.

Sunda Maharaj, the spiritual leader at the temple, which was first attacked in January 2011, said he and the other residents do not want to move to India. “We are Pakistani,” he said.

But he would like more help from the government, specifically a checkpoint to stop people from getting close to the temple and money for the Hindus to buy weapons.

“Next time anyone comes we can kill them or die defending our temple,” he said.

 

 

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Christian Girl Raped, Forcibly Converted to Islam in Pakistan

Saima Masih a Christian Girl Abducted Raped and forcibly converted to Islam

ICC Note:

Another Christian girl in Pakistan—16 year old Saima Masih –was abducted, raped, and forcibly converted to Islam by her Muslim landlord, World Vision in Progress reports. The kidnappings of Christian girls in Pakistan have become routine in recent months and are often accompanied by acts of extreme violence, including rape, beatings, and other forms of physical and mental abuse. Once abducted, the girls are often never heard from by their families again.

By Farrukh H. Saif Executive Director WVIP

11/5/2012 Pakistan (World Vision in Progress)- Saima Masih ,16 years old Christian girl, resident of Tehsil Yazman mandi, Bahawalpur, was abducted ,raped and forcibly converted to Islam by one of the influential Muslim Landlord Muhammad Javed . Saima and her family were living in District Bahawalpur, her father Gulzar Masih was a poor cultivator.

Saima Masih was often harassed by Muhammad Javed, who is one of the wealthy Muslims of the Yazman Mandi . On 25th January, 2012, when Saima went to the local Bazzar along with her neighboring friend, she was publicly harassed and proposed by Muhammad Javed for marriage. She instantly refused and insulted him. After reaching home, she reported this incident to her mother and father. On the same evening, parents went to Muhammad Javed ‘s home and complaint to his father Muhammad Riaz. Instead of warning his son, he threatened the poor Christian parents for dare-consequences.

On 9th March, 2012, with the help of Zubaida Bibi (a neighboring lady who had strong relationship with Saima’s family), Muhammad Javed abducted Saima Masih while her parents were not at home .They took Saima to Gujrat where Muhammad Javed and Muhammad Sardar (Uncle of Muhammad Javed) raped her .

Gulzar filed an application against Javed and his family in the local police station, but police took no action against the culprits. After knowing the seriousness of the situation on 15st March, 2012, Muahmmad Javed Forcibly converted her to Islam, after taking her signature and thumb impression on different papers. And then on 21st March he again took the Signature’s of Saima Masih on the Islamic marriage certificate.

For six Months Saima Masih was repeatedly sexually tortured by Muhamamd Javed and his uncle Muhammad Sardar . On 12th September, 2012 Saima got a chance to escape from the place where they had kept her. She reached her home and inform her parents, all what happened to her.

Saima along with her parents went to police station but again No Action was taken against the culprits. As Muhammad Javed is wealthy and influential person.

Mr. Napoleon Qayyum National Director of WVIP avowed that “Many Christian’s girls are raped at the hands of the Muslim people in Pakistan. Rape and abduction has been used as a strong weapon against the Christian and other Religious oppressed community girls in Pakistan, a country where Christians and other Religious communities are treated as the most un-accepted elements of the society, targeting Christian and other girls and women become so pleasure full event for Fanatic Muslims. Christian girls are particularly vulnerable to these types of crimes. Christian girls and women normally don’t file any police reports against such crimes; they usually kept silent because of the fear from the Islamizes as well Christians are also economically very poor and cannot hire any lawyer to defend them. That’s why only two percent rape cases were reported and majority cases were never came on media or press”

[Full Story]

 

 

 

A Sheikh and a retired nurse facing charges over the genital mutilation of two young girls have failed in their legal bid to have their names kept secret from the public.

Sheik Shabbir Mohammedbhai Vaziri, 56, and nurse Helen Magennis, 68, from Sydney’s Dawoodi Bohra Muslim community, have been charged over the genital mutilation of a six-year-old girl and seven-year-old girl in separate incidents between October 2010 and July this year.

Police say that Ms Magennis carried out the procedures on the two girls in suburban homes in Wollongong and Baulkham Hills while Sheikh Vaziri was allegedly an accessory – harbouring, maintaining and assisting those involved.

It is also alleged the Sheikh later instructed members of the Dawoodi Bohar community to lie to police about what had happened.
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dr.dkMuslims cancel Christmas celebration in housing area“:

The housing area Egedalsvænge in Kokkedal, Denmark, will not have a Christmas tree with lights this year. A small Muslim majority in the Egedalsvænge Board has refused to spend money on the Christmas tree a few days after a big Eid celebration….For decades it has been a tradition to have a Christmas tree with lights in the area between the buildings throughout the month of December. But now a majority in the Chamber Board refused to spend the approximately 1,000 dollars that a Christmas tree with lights costs.

The decision has attracted much attention since it was made three days after a big Islamic Eid party in Egedalsvænge. A mobile play ground, bungee jumping and a climbing wall was rented to make the Muslim celebration attractive for children and adults, and this event the Board had agreed to finance with appr. 10,000 dollars.

Although the small majority in the Chamber Board of Directors was democratically elected at the general meeting in September, the new course has surprised many. It is a sign of a lack of tolerance and inclusiveness from the new majority in the fund’s board of directors, says one person from the Egedalsvænge, where many refuse to talk to the media.

Pakistani Higher Court orders enforced converted Christian girl to go with Muslim man

Sharia law in action

 

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Hyderabad: October 24, 2012. (Abbas Kassar) A Christian girl Rebbeca who was kidnapped from Sukkur in Sindh on October 2, 2012, was produced before the high court Sukkur circuit bench on 22 October on application of her father Younis Masih was handed over to her kidnapper husband by judge of Sindh High Court rejecting appeals by her lawyer to send her to Darul Aman.

In the court the girl did not speak a word because she appeared to have been so frightened and terrorized that she continued to mince her lips in helpless manner but did not utter a word. She was accompanied with Mian Aslam son of politically powerful Mian Mithoo the Member of National Assembly of ruling Pakistan Peoples Party PPP who has been accused of kidnapping non-Muslim girls, keeping them in her Haveli for few weeks and then managing their marriages with his servants or followers.

Manzar Dahar a man who kidnapped her and later married her on force on behest of Pir Mian Mithoo also accompanied her and later took her to his home. Despite repeated requests by father of girl Younis Masih and his advocate Mukesh Kumar to send her to Darul Aman as according to them she was under intense pressure and fright but the judge Justice Naamatullah Phulpoto rejected their requests and allowed her to go with her kidnapper husband and adjourned the hearing to 2 November.

Dr. Nazir S Bhatti, President of Pakistan Christian Congress PCC have said that Pakistan Peoples Party PPP leaders are involved in kidnapping and enforcedly converting Christian and Hindu girls to Islam in interior Sindh.

Nazir Bhatti said that if ruling PPP not expelled its Member of National Assembly from Ghotki named Mian Mithoo from his seat then Hindus and Christian from Sindh will launch move not support PPP in next general elections because MNA Mian Mithoo is protecting culprits who are kidnapping and enforcedly converting them to Islam and sells them to Muslim bidders.

Nazir Bhatti said that Christian and Hindu girls are kidnapped by tools of PPP MNA Mian Mithoo and later forced to be sex-slaves of Mian Mithoo and other PPP Muslim feudal lords and later sold to Muslim for marriage in Sindh.

“We appealed to PPP co-chairperson and President of Pakistan Mr. Asif Ali Zardari to act against his MNA Mian Mithoo if kidnap and enforced conversion of Hindu girl Rinkle Kumari and others but he kept silent but no action was taken” added Nazir Bhatti

PCC Chief urged unity among Christians and Hindus to safe their self-respect and families from PPP Muslim feudal lords and like Mian Mithoo extremist Muslims in lines of ruling PPP.