Exposing False Jewish Founding Father |

Rabbi Akiba was a great sage of the second century who was executed by the Romans for teaching Torah at a time when the Romans had forbidden it. Akiba, or his father Joseph, was a convert to Judaism. But Akiba is known as Akiba ben Joseph the convert. Was Akiba, or his father Joseph, the convert? In Hebrew it is not clear. I offer a Midrash to explain why Akiba’s father was called Joseph the convert:

https://blogs.timesofisrael.com/was-rabbi-akiba-ben-joseph-the-convert-or-was-rabbi-akibas-father-the-convert/#:~:text=Rabbi%20Akiba%20was%20a%20great%20sage%20of%20the,the%20convert%3F%20In%20Hebrew%20it%20is%20not%20clear.

Numbers 5-6

5:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

5:2 Charge the children of Israel, and let them send forth out of the camp every leper, and every one who has in issue of the reins, and every one who is unclean from a dead body.

5:3 Whether male or female, send them forth out of the camp; and they shall not defile their camps in which I dwell among them.

5:4 And the children of Israel did so, and sent them out of the camp: as the Lord said to Moses, so did the children of Israel.

5:5 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

5:6 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Every man or woman who shall commit any sin that is common to man, or if that soul shall in anywise have neglected the commandment and transgressed;

5:7 [that person] shall confess the sin which he has committed, and shall make satisfaction for his trespass: he [shall pay] the principal, and shall add to it the fifth part, and shall make restoration to him against whom he has trespassed.

5:8 But if a man have no near kinsman, so as to make satisfaction for his trespass to him, the trespass-offering paid to the Lord shall be for the priest, besides the ram of atonement, by which he shall make atonement with it for him.

5:9 And every first-fruits in all the sanctified things among the children of Israel, whatsoever they shall offer to the Lord, shall be for the priest himself.

5:10 And the hallowed things of every man shall be his; and whatever man shall give [any thing] to the priest, the gift shall be his.

5:11 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

5:12 Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them, Whose soever wife shall transgress against him, and slight and despise him,

5:13 and [supposing] any one shall lie with her carnally, and the thing shall be hid from the eyes of her husband, and she should conceal it and be herself defiled, and there be no witness with her, and she should not be taken;

5:14 and there should come upon him a spirit of jealousy, and he should be jealous of his wife, and she be defiled; or there should come upon him a spirit of jealousy, and he should be jealous of his wife, and she should not be defiled;

5:15 then shall the man bring his wife to the priest, and shall bring his gift for her, the tenth part of an ephah of barley-meal: he shall not pour oil upon it, neither shall he put frankincense upon it; for it is a sacrifice of jealousy, a sacrifice of memorial, recalling sin to remembrance.

5:16 And the priest shall bring her, and cause her to stand before the Lord.

5:17 And the priest shall take pure running water in an earthen vessel, and he shall take of the dust that is on the floor of the tabernacle of witness, and the priest having taken it shall cast it into the water.

5:18 And the priest shall cause the woman to stand before the Lord, and shall uncover the head of the woman, and shall put into her hands the sacrifice of memorial, the sacrifice of jealousy; and in the hand of the priest shall be the water of this conviction that brings the curse.

5:19 And the priest shall adjure her, and shall say to the woman, If no one has lain with thee, and if thou hast not transgressed so as to be polluted, being under the power of thy husband, be free from this water of the conviction that causes the curse.

5:20 But if being a married woman thou hast transgressed, or been polluted, and any one has lain with thee, beside thy husband:

5:21 then the priest shall adjure the woman by the oaths of this curse, and the priest shall say to the woman, The Lord bring thee into a curse and under an oath in the idst of thy people, in that the Lord should cause thy thigh to rot and thy belly to swell;

5:22 and this water bringing the curse shall enter into thy womb to cause thy belly to swell, and thy thigh to rot. And the woman shall say, So be it, So be it.

5:23 And the priest shall write these curses in a book, and shall blot them out with the water of the conviction that brings the curse.

5:24 And he shall cause the woman to drink the water of the conviction that brings the curse; and the water of the conviction that brings the curse shall enter into her.

5:25 And the priest shall take from the hand of the woman the sacrifice of jealousy, and shall present the sacrifice before the Lord, and shall bring it to the altar.

5:26 And the priest shall take a handful of the sacrifice as a memorial of it, and shall offer it up upon the altar; and afterwards he shall cause the woman to drink the water.

5:27 And it shall come to pass, if she be defiled, and have altogether escaped the notice of her husband, then the water of the conviction that brings the curse shall enter into her; and she shall swell in her belly, and her thigh shall rot, and the woman shall be for a curse in the midst of her people.

5:28 But if the woman have not been polluted, and be clean, then shall she be guiltless and shall conceive seed.

5:29 This is the law of jealousy, wherein a married woman should happen to transgress, and be defiled;

5:30 or in the case of a man on whomsoever the spirit of jealousy should come, and he should be jealous of his wife, and he should place his wife before the Lord, and the priest shall execute towards her all this law.

5:31 Then the man shall be clear from sin, and that woman shall bear her sin.

6:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

6:2 speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them, Whatsoever man or woman shall specially vow a vow to separate oneself with purity to the Lord,

6:3 he shall purely abstain from wine and strong drink; and he shall drink no vinegar of wine or vinegar of strong drink; and whatever is made of the grape he shall not drink; neither shall he eat fresh grapes or raisins,

6:4 all the days of his vow: he shall eat no one of all the things that come from the vine, wine from the grape-stones to the husk,

6:5 all the days of his separation:– a razor shall not come upon his head, until the days be fulfilled which he vowed to the Lord: he shall be holy, cherishing the long hair of the head,

6:6 all the days of his vow to the Lord: he shall not come nigh to any dead body,

6:7 to his father or his mother, or to his brother or his sister; he shall not defile himself for them, when they have died, because the vow of God is upon him on his head.

6:8 All the days of his vow he shall be holy to the Lord.

6:9 And if any one should die suddenly by him, immediately the head of his vow shall be defiled; and he shall shave his head in whatever day he shall be purified: on the seventh day he shall be shaved.

6:10 And on the eighth day he shall bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, to the priest, to the doors of the tabernacle of witness.

6:11 And the priest shall offer one for a sin-offering; and the other for a whole-burnt-offering; and the priest shall make atonement for him in the things wherein he sinned respecting the dead body, and he shall sanctify his head in that day,

6:12 in which he was consecrated to the Lord, [all] the days of his vow; and he shall bring a lamb of a year old for a trespass-offering; and the former days shall not be reckoned, because the head of his vow was polluted.

6:13 And this is the law of him that has vowed: in whatever day he shall have fulfilled the days of his vow, he shall himself bring his gift to the doors of the tabernacle of witness.

6:14 And he shall bring his gift to the Lord; one he-lamb of a year old without blemish for a whole-burnt-offering, and one ewe-lamb of a year old without blemish for a sin-offering, and one ram without blemish for a peace-offering;

6:15 and a basket of unleavened bread of fine flour, [even] loaves kneaded with oil, and unleavened cakes anointed with oil, and their meat-offering, and their drink-offering.

6:16 And the priest shall bring them before the Lord, and shall offer his sin-offering, and his whole-burnt-offering.

6:17 And he shall offer the ram as a sacrifice of peace-offering to the Lord with the basket of unleavened bread; and the priest shall offer its meat-offering and its drink-offering.

6:18 And he that has vowed shall shave the head of his consecration by the doors of the tabernacle of witness, and shall put the hairs on the fire which is under the sacrifice of peace-offering.

6:19 And the priest shall take the sodden shoulder of the ram, and one unleavened loaf from the basket, and one unleavened cake, and shall put them on the hands of the votary after he has shaved off his holy hair.

6:20 And the priest shall present them as an offering before the Lord; it shall be the holy portion for the priest beside the breast of the heave-offering and beside the shoulder of the wave-offering: and afterwards the votary shall drink wine.

6:21 This is the law of the votary who shall have vowed to the Lord his gift to the Lord, concerning his vow, besides what he may be able to afford according to the value of his vow, which he may have vowed according to the law of separation.

6:22 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

6:23 Speak to Aaron and to his sons, saying, Thus ye shall bless the children of Israel, saying to them,

6:24 The Lord bless thee and keep thee;

6:25 the Lord make his face to shine upon thee, and have mercy upon thee;

6:26 the Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace.

6:27 And they shall put my name upon the children of Israel, and I the Lord will bless them.

Numbers 3; Numbers 4

3:1 And these [are] the generations of Aaron and Moses, in the day in which the Lord spoke to Moses in mount Sina.

3:2 And these [are] the names of the sons of Aaron; Nadab the first-born; and Abiud, Eleazar and Ithamar.

3:3 These [are] the names of the sons of Aaron, the anointed priests whom they consecrated to the priesthood.

3:4 And Nadab and Abiud died before the Lord, when they offered strange fire before the Lord, in the wilderness of Sina; and they had no children; and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priests’ office with Aaron their father.

3:5 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

3:6 Take the tribe of Levi, and thou shalt set them before Aaron the priest, and they shall minister to him,

3:7 and shall keep his charges, and the charges of the children of Israel, before the tabernacle of witness, to do the works of the tabernacle.

3:8 And they shall keep all the furniture of the tabernacle of witness, and the charges of the children of Israel as to all the works of the tabernacle.

3:9 And thou shalt give the Levites to Aaron, and to his sons the priests; they are given for a gift to me of the children of Israel.

3:10 And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons over the tabernacle of witness; and they shall keep their charge of priesthood, and all things belonging to the altar, and within the veil; and the stranger that touches them shall die.

3:11 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

3:12 Behold, I have taken the Levites from the midst of the children of Israel, instead of every male that opens the womb from among the children of Israel: they shall be their ransom, and the Levites shall be mine.

3:13 For every first-born [is] mine; in the day in which I smote every first-born in the land of Egypt, I sanctified to myself every first-born in Israel: both of man and beast, they shall be mine: I [am] the Lord.

3:14 And the Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sina, saying,

3:15 Take the number of the sons of Levi, according to the houses of their families, according to their divisions; number ye them every male from a month old and upwards.

3:16 And Moses and Aaron numbered them by the word of the Lord, as the Lord commanded them.

3:17 And these were the sons of Levi by their names; Gedson, Caath, and Merari.

3:18 And these [are] the names of the sons of Gedson according to their families; Lobeni and Semei:

3:19 and the sons of Caath according to their families; Amram and Issaar, Chebron and Oziel:

3:20 and the sons of Merari according to their families, Mooli and Musi; these are the families of the Levites according to the houses of their families.

3:21 To Gedson belongs the family of Lobeni, and the family of Semei: these are the families of Gedson.

3:22 The numbering of them according to the number of every male from a month old and upwards, their numbering [was] seven thousand and five hundred.

3:23 And the sons of Gedson shall encamp westward behind the tabernacle.

3:24 And the ruler of the household of the family of Gedson [was] Elisaph the son of Dael.

3:25 And the charge of the sons of Gedson in the tabernacle of witness [was] the tent and the veil, and the covering of the door of the tabernacle of witness,

3:26 and the curtains of the court, and the veil of the door of the court, which is by the tabernacle, and the remainder of all its works.

3:27 To Caath [belonged] one division, that of Amram, and another division, that of Issaar, and another division, that of Chebron, and another division, that of Oziel: these are the divisions of Caath, according to number.

3:28 Every male from a month old and upward, eight thousand and six hundred, keeping the charges of the holy things.

3:29 The families of the sons of Caath, shall encamp beside the tabernacle toward the south.

3:30 And the chief of the house of the families of the divisions of Caath, [was] Elisaphan the son of Oziel.

3:31 And their charge [was] the ark, and the table, and the candlestick, and the altars, and all the vessels of the sanctuary wherewith they do holy service, and the veil, and all their works.

3:32 And the chief over the chief of the Levites, [was] Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, appointed to keep the charges of the holy things.

3:33 To Merari [belonged] the family of Mooli, and the family of Musi: these are the families of Merari.

3:34 The mustering of them according to number, every male from a month old and upwards, [was] six thousand and fifty.

3:35 And the head of the house of the families of the division of Merari, was Suriel the son of Abichail: they shall encamp by the side of the tabernacle northwards.

3:36 The oversight of the charge of the sons of Merari [included] the chapiters of the tabernacle, and its bars, and its pillars, and its sockets, and all their furniture, and their works,

3:37 and the pillars of the court round about, and their bases, and their pins, and their cords.

3:38 They that encamp before the tabernacle of witness on the east [shall be] Moses and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charges of the sanctuary according to the charges of the children of Israel; and the stranger that touches them, shall die.

3:39 All the numbering of the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron numbered by the word of the Lord, according to their families, every male from a month old and upwards, [were] two and twenty thousand.

3:40 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Count every first-born male of the children of Israel from a month old and upwards, and take the number by name.

3:41 And thou shalt take the Levites for me– I [am] the Lord– instead of all the first-born of the sons of Israel, and the cattle of the Levites instead of all the first-born among the cattle of the children of Israel.

3:42 And Moses counted, as the Lord commanded him, every first-born among the children of Israel.

3:43 And all the male first-born in number by name, from a month old and upwards, were according to their numbering twenty-two thousand and two hundred and seventy-three.

3:44 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

3:45 Take the Levites instead of all the first-born of the sons of Israel, and the cattle of the Levites instead of their cattle, and the Levites shall be mine; I [am] the Lord.

3:46 And for the ransoms of the two hundred and seventy-three which exceed the Levites in number of the first-born of the sons of Israel;

3:47 thou shalt even take five shekels a head; thou shalt take them according to the holy didrachm, twenty oboli to the shekel.

3:48 And thou shalt give the money to Aaron and to his sons, the ransom of those who exceed in number among them.

3:49 And Moses took the silver, the ransom of those that exceeded in number the redemption of the Levites.

3:50 He took the silver from the first-born of the sons of Israel, a thousand three hundred and sixty-five shekels, according to the holy shekel.

3:51 And Moses gave the ransom of them that were over to Aaron and his sons, by the word of the Lord, as the Lord commanded Moses.

4:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,

4:2 Take the sum of the children of Caath from the midst of the sons of Levi, after their families, according to the houses of their fathers’ households;

4:3 from twenty-five years old and upward until fifty years, every one that goes in to minister, to do all the works in the tabernacle of witness.

4:4 And these are the works of the sons of Caath in the tabernacle of witness; it is most holy.

4:5 And Aaron and his sons shall go in, when the camp is about to move, and shall take down the shadowing veil, and shall cover with it the ark of the testimony.

4:6 And they shall put on it a cover, even a blue skin, and put on it above a garment all of blue, and shall put the staves through [the rings].

4:7 And they shall put on the table set forth for shew-bred a cloth all of purple, and the dishes, and the censers, and the cups, and the vessels with which one offers drink-offerings; and the continual loaves shall be upon it.

4:8 And they shall put upon it a scarlet cloth, and they shall cover it with a blue covering of skin, and they shall put the staves into it.

4:9 And they shall take a blue covering, and cover the candlestick that gives light, and its lamps, and its snuffers, and its funnels, and all the vessels of oil with which they minister.

4:10 And they shall put it, and all its vessels, into a blue skin cover; and they shall put it on bearers.

4:11 And they shall put a blue cloth for a cover on the golden altar, and shall cover it with a blue skin cover, and put in its staves.

4:12 And they shall take all the instruments of service, with which they minister in the sanctuary: and shall place them in a cloth of blue, and shall cover them with blue skin covering, and put them upon staves.

4:13 And he shall put the covering on the altar, and they shall cover it with a cloth all of purple.

4:14 And they shall put upon it all the vessels with which they minister upon it, and the fire-pans, and the flesh-hooks, and the cups, and the cover, and all the vessels of the altar; and they shall put on it a blue cover of skins, and shall put in its staves; and they shall take a purple cloth, and cover the laver and its foot, and they shall put it into a blue cover of skin, and put it on bars.

4:15 And Aaron and his sons shall finish covering the holy things, and all the holy vessels, when the camp begins to move; and afterwards the sons of Caath shall go in to take up [the furniture]; but shall not touch the holy things, lest they die: these shall the sons of Caath bear in the tabernacle of witness.

4:16 Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest is overseer– the oil of the light, and the incense of composition, and the daily meat-offering and the anointing oil, are his charge; even the oversight of the whole tabernacle, and all things that are in it in the holy place, in all the works.

4:17 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,

4:18 Ye shall not destroy the family of Caath from the tribe out of the midst of the Levites.

4:19 This do ye to them, and they shall live and not die, when they approach the holy of holies: Let Aaron and his sons advance, and they shall place them each in his post for bearing.

4:20 And [so] they shall by no means go in to look suddenly upon the holy things, and die.

4:21 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

4:22 Take the sum of the children of Gedson, and these according to the houses of their lineage, according to there families.

4:23 Take the number of them from five and twenty years old and upwards until the age of fifty, every one that goes in to minister, to do his business in the tabernacle of witness.

4:24 This [is] the public service of the family of Gedson, to minister and to bear.

4:25 And they shall bear the skins of the tabernacle, and the tabernacle of witness, and its veil, and the blue cover that was on it above, and the cover of the door of the tabernacle of witness.

4:26 And all the curtains of the court which were upon the tabernacle of witness, and the appendages, and all the vessels of service that they minister with they shall attend to.

4:27 According to the direction of Aaron and his sons shall be the ministry of the sons of Gedson, in all their ministries, and in all their works; and thou shalt take account of them by name in all things borne by them.

4:28 This is the service of the sons of Gedson in the tabernacle of witness, and their charge by the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.

4:29 The sons of Merari according to their families, according to the houses of their lineage, take ye the number of them.

4:30 Take the number of them from five and twenty years old and upwards until fifty years old, every one that goes in to perform the services of the tabernacle of witness.

4:31 And these are the charges of the things borne by them according to all their works in the tabernacle of witness: they shall bear the chapiters of the tabernacle, and the bars, and its pillars, and its sockets, and the veil, and [there shall be] their sockets, and their pillars, and the curtain of the door of the tabernacle.

4:32 And they shall bear the pillars of the court round about, and [there shall be] their sockets, and [they shall bear] the pillars of the veil of the door of the court, and their sockets and their pins, and their cords, and all their furniture, and all their instruments of service: take ye their number by name, and all the articles of the charge of the things borne by them.

4:33 This is the ministration of the family of the sons of Merari in all their works in the tabernacle of witness, by the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.

4:34 And Moses and Aaron and the rulers of Israel took the number of the sons of Caath according to their families, according to the houses of their lineage;

4:35 from five and twenty years old and upwards to the age of fifty years, every one that goes in to minister and do service in the tabernacle of witness.

4:36 And the numbering of them according to their families was two thousand, seven hundred and fifty.

4:37 This is the numbering of the family of Caath, every one that ministers in the tabernacle of witness, as Moses and Aaron numbered them by the word of the Lord, by the hand of Moses.

4:38 And the sons of Gedson were numbered according to their families, according to the houses of their lineage,

4:39 from five and twenty years old and upward till fifty years old, every one that goes in to minister and to do the services in the tabernacle of witness.

4:40 And the numbering of them according to their families, according to the houses of their lineage, [was] two thousand six hundred and thirty.

4:41 This [is] the numbering of the family of the sons of Gedson, every one who ministers in the tabernacle of witness; whom Moses and Aaron numbered by the word of the Lord, by the hand of Moses.

4:42 And also the family of the sons of Merari were numbered according to their divisions, according to the house of their fathers;

4:43 from five and twenty years old and upward till fifty years old, every one that goes in to minister in the services of the tabernacle of witness.

4:44 And the numbering of them according to their families, according to the houses of their lineage, [was] three thousand and two hundred.

4:45 This [is] the numbering of the family of the sons of Merari, whom Moses and Aaron numbered by the word of the Lord, by the hand of Moses.

4:46 All that were numbered, whom Moses and Aaron and the rulers of Israel numbered, [namely], the Levites, according to their families and according to the houses of their lineage,

4:47 from five and twenty years old and upward till fifty years old, every one that goes in to the service of the works, and the [charge of] the things that are carried in the tabernacle of witness.

4:48 And they that were numbered were eight thousand five hundred and eighty.

4:49 He reviewed them by the word of the Lord by the hand of Moses, appointing each man severally over their [respective] work, and over their burdens; and they were numbered, as the Lord commanded Moses.

Numbers 1 and 2

1:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sina, in the tabernacle of witness, on the first day of the second month, in the second year of their departure from the land of Egypt, saying,

1:2 Take the sum of all the congregation of Israel according to their kindreds, according to the houses of their fathers’ families, according to their number by their names, according to their heads: every male

1:3 from twenty years old and upwards, every one that goes forth in the forces of Israel, take account of them with their strength; thou and Aaron take account of them.

1:4 And with you there shall be each one of the rulers according to the tribe of each: they shall be according to the houses of their families.

1:5 And these are the names of the men who shall be present with you; of the tribe of Ruben, Elisur the son of Sediur.

1:6 Of Symeon, Salamiel the son of Surisadai.

1:7 Of Juda, Naasson the son of Aminadab.

1:8 Of Issachar, Nathanael the son of Sogar.

1:9 Of Zabulon, Eliab the son of Chaelon.

1:10 Of the sons of Joseph, of Ephraim, Elisama the son of Emiud: of Manasses, Gamaliel the son of Phadasur.

1:11 Of Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gadeoni.

1:12 Of Dan, Achiezer the son of Amisadai.

1:13 Of Aser, Phagaiel the son of Echran.

1:14 Of Gad, Elisaph the son of Raguel.

1:15 Of Nephthali, Achire the son of Aenan.

1:16 These were famous men of the congregation, heads of the tribes according to their families: these are heads of thousands in Israel.

1:17 And Moses and Aaron took these men who were called by name.

1:18 And they assembled all the congregation on the first day of the month in the second year; and they registered them after their lineage, after their families, after the number of their names, from twenty years old and upwards, every male according to their number:

1:19 as the Lord commanded Moses, so they were numbered in the wilderness of Sina.

1:20 And the sons of Ruben the first-born of Israel according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their heads, were– all males from twenty years old and upward, every one that went out with the host–

1:21 the numbering of them of the tribe of Ruben, was forty-six thousand and four hundred.

1:22 For the children of Symeon according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, all males from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes out with the host,

1:23 the numbering of them of the tribe of Symeon, was fifty-nine thousand and three hundred.

1:24 For the sons of Gad according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, all males from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes forth with the host,

1:25 the numbering of them of the tribe of Gad, was forty and five thousand and six hundred and fifty.

1:26 For the sons of Juda according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, all males from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes forth with the host,

1:27 the numbering of them of the tribe of Juda, was seventy-four thousand and six hundred.

1:28 For the sons of Issachar according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, all males from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes forth with the host,

1:29 the numbering of them of the tribe of Issachar, was fifty-four thousand and four hundred.

1:30 For the sons of Zabulon according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, all males from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes out with the host,

1:31 the numbering of them of the tribe of Zabulon, was fifty-seven thousand and four hundred.

1:32 For the sons of Joseph, the sons of Ephraim, according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according o their polls, all males from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes out with the host,

1:33 the numbering of them of the tribe of Ephraim, was forty thousand and five hundred.

1:34 For the sons of Manasse according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, all males from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes out with the host,

1:35 the numbering of them of the tribe of Manasse, was thirty-two thousand and two hundred.

1:36 For the sons of Benjamin according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes forth with the host,

1:37 the numbering of them of the tribe of Benjamin, was thirty-five thousand and four hundred.

1:38 For the sons of Dan according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, all males from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes forth with the host,

1:39 the numbering of them of the tribe of Dan, was sixty and two thousand and seven hundred.

1:40 For the sons of Aser according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes forth with the host,

1:41 the numbering of them of the tribe of Aser, was forty and one thousand and five hundred.

1:42 For the sons of Nephthali according to their kindreds, according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, every one who goes forth with the host,

1:43 the numbering of them of the tribe of Nephthali, was fifty-three thousand and four hundred.

1:44 This is the numbering which Moses and Aaron and the rulers of Israel, being twelve men, conducted: there was a man for each tribe, they were according to the tribe of the houses of their family.

1:45 And the whole numbering of the children of Israel with their host from twenty years old and upward, every one that goes out to set himself in battle array in Israel, came to

1:46 six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.

1:47 But the Levites of the tribe of their family were not counted among the children of Israel.

1:48 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

1:49 See, thou shalt not muster the tribe of Levi, and thou shalt not take their numbers, in the midst of the children of Israel.

1:50 And do thou set the Levites over the tabernacle of witness, and over all its furniture, and over all things that are in it; and they shall do service in it, and they shall encamp round about the tabernacle.

1:51 And in removing the tabernacle, the Levites shall take it down, and in pitching the tabernacle they shall set it up: and let the stranger that advances [to touch it] die.

1:52 And the children of Israel shall encamp, every man in his own order, and every man according to his company, with their host.

1:53 But let the Levites encamp round about the tabernacle of witness fronting it, and [so] there shall be no sin among the children of Israel; and the Levites themselves shall keep the guard of the tabernacle of witness.

1:54 And the children of Israel did according to all that the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

2:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,

2:2 Let the children of Israel encamp fronting [each other], every man keeping his own rank, according to [their] standards, according to the houses of their families; the children of Israel shall encamp round about the tabernacle of witness.

2:3 And they that encamp first toward the east [shall be] the order of the camp of Juda with their host, and the prince of the sons of Juda, Naasson the son of Aminadab.

2:4 His forces that were numbered, were seventy-four thousand and six hundred.

2:5 And they that encamp next [shall be] of the tribe of Issachar, and the prince of the sons of Issachar [shall be] Nathanael the son of Sogar.

2:6 His forces that were numbered, were fifty-four thousand and four hundred.

2:7 And they that encamp next [shall be] of the tribe of Zabulon, and the prince of the sons of Zabulon [shall be] Eliab the son of Chaelon.

2:8 His forces that were numbered, were fifty-seven thousand and four hundred.

2:9 All that were numbered of the camp of Juda were a hundred and eighty thousand and six thousand and four hundred: they shall move first with their forces.

2:10 [This is] the order of the camp of Ruben; their forces [shall be] toward the south, and the prince of the children of Ruben [shall be] Elisur the son of Sediur.

2:11 His forces that were numbered, were forty-six thousand and five hundred.

2:12 And they that encamp next to him [shall be] of the tribe of Symeon, and the prince of the sons of Symeon [shall be] Salamiel the son of Surisadai.

2:13 His forces that were numbered, were fifty-nine thousand and three hundred.

2:14 And they that encamp next to them [shall be] the tribe of Gad; and the prince of the sons of Gad, Elisaph the son of Raguel.

2:15 His forces that were numbered, were forty-five thousand and six hundred and fifty.

2:16 All who were numbered of the camp of Ruben, were a hundred and fifty-one thousand and four hundred and fifty: they with their forces shall proceed in the second place.

2:17 And [then] the tabernacle of witness shall be set forward, and the camp of the Levites [shall be] between the camps; as they shall encamp, so also shall they commence their march, each one next in order to his fellow according to their companies.

2:18 The station of the camp of Ephraim [shall be] westward with their forces, and the head of the children of Ephraim [shall be] Elisama the son of Emiud.

2:19 His forces that were numbered, are forty thousand and five hundred.

2:20 And they that encamp next [shall be] of the tribe of Manasse, and the prince of the sons of Manasse, Gamaliel the son of Phadassur.

2:21 His forces that were numbered, were thirty-two thousand and two hundred.

2:22 And they that encamp next [shall be] of the tribe of Benjamin, and the prince of the sons of Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gadeoni.

2:23 His forces that were numbered, were thirty-five thousand and four hundred.

2:24 All that were numbered of the camp of Ephraim, were one hundred and eight thousand and one hundred: they with their forces shall set out third.

2:25 The order of the camp of Dan [shall be] northward with their forces; and the prince of the sons of Dan, Achiezer the son of Amisadai.

2:26 His forces that were numbered, were sixty-two thousand and seven hundred.

2:27 And they that encamp next to him [shall be] the tribe of Aser; and the prince of the sons of Aser, Phagiel the son of Echran.

2:28 His forces that were numbered, were forty-one thousand and five hundred.

2:29 And they that encamp next [shall be] of the tribe of Nephthali; and the prince of the children of Nephthali, Achire son Aenan.

2:30 His forces that were numbered were fifty-three thousand and four hundred.

2:31 All that were numbered of the camp of Dan, [were] a hundred and fifty-seven thousand and six hundred: they shall set out last according to their order.

2:32 This [is] the numbering of the children of Israel according to the houses of their families: all the numbering of the camps with their forces, [was] six hundred and three thousand, five hundred and fifty.

2:33 But the Levites were not numbered with them, as the Lord commanded Moses.

2:34 And the children of Israel did all things that the Lord commanded Moses; thus they encamped in their order, and thus they began their march in succession each according to their divisions, according to the houses of their families.

King Xerxes Depose Vashti who won’t co-operate with and submit to him

Queen Vashti Deposed

1 This is what happened during the time of Xerxes,[a] the Xerxes who ruled over 127 provinces stretching from India to Cush[b]: At that time King Xerxes reigned from his royal throne in the citadel of Susa, and in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his nobles and officials. The military leaders of Persia and Media, the princes, and the nobles of the provinces were present.

For a full 180 days he displayed the vast wealth of his kingdom and the splendor and glory of his majesty. When these days were over, the king gave a banquet, lasting seven days, in the enclosed garden of the king’s palace, for all the people from the least to the greatest who were in the citadel of Susa. The garden had hangings of white and blue linen, fastened with cords of white linen and purple material to silver rings on marble pillars. There were couches of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl and other costly stones. Wine was served in goblets of gold, each one different from the other, and the royal wine was abundant, in keeping with the king’s liberality. By the king’s command each guest was allowed to drink with no restrictions, for the king instructed all the wine stewards to serve each man what he wished.

Queen Vashti also gave a banquet for the women in the royal palace of King Xerxes.

10 On the seventh day, when King Xerxes was in high spirits from wine, he commanded the seven eunuchs who served him—Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar and Karkas— 11 to bring before him Queen Vashti, wearing her royal crown, in order to display her beauty to the people and nobles, for she was lovely to look at. 12 But when the attendants delivered the king’s command, Queen Vashti refused to come. Then the king became furious and burned with anger.

13 Since it was customary for the king to consult experts in matters of law and justice, he spoke with the wise men who understood the times 14 and were closest to the king—Karshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memukan, the seven nobles of Persia and Media who had special access to the king and were highest in the kingdom.

15 “According to law, what must be done to Queen Vashti?” he asked. “She has not obeyed the command of King Xerxes that the eunuchs have taken to her.”

16 Then Memukan replied in the presence of the king and the nobles, “Queen Vashti has done wrong, not only against the king but also against all the nobles and the peoples of all the provinces of King Xerxes. 17 For the queen’s conduct will become known to all the women, and so they will despise their husbands and say, ‘King Xerxes commanded Queen Vashti to be brought before him, but she would not come.’ 18 This very day the Persian and Median women of the nobility who have heard about the queen’s conduct will respond to all the king’s nobles in the same way. There will be no end of disrespect and discord.

19 “Therefore, if it pleases the king, let him issue a royal decree and let it be written in the laws of Persia and Media, which cannot be repealed, that Vashti is never again to enter the presence of King Xerxes. Also let the king give her royal position to someone else who is better than she. 20 Then when the king’s edict is proclaimed throughout all his vast realm, all the women will respect their husbands, from the least to the greatest.”

21 The king and his nobles were pleased with this advice, so the king did as Memukan proposed. 22 He sent dispatches to all parts of the kingdom, to each province in its own script and to each people in their own language, proclaiming that every man should be ruler over his own household, using his native tongue.

Footnotes

  1. Esther 1:1 Hebrew Ahasuerus; here and throughout Esther
  2. Esther 1:1 That is, the upper Nile region