On its official website ICNA Canada shares with its members, followers and supporters the book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous” رياض الصالحين) compiled by Imam Zakaruya Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi, a Sunni Shafi’ite jurist and hadith scholar who lived in 13th century.
The Gardens of the Righteous (Arabic: Riyadh as-Salihin), is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith by Al-Nawawi. It contains a total of 1905 hadith divided across 372 chapters, many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran.
The book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous”) which appears on ICNA Canada site adds modern commentary to the verses from the Qur’an and hadith.
The following are excerpts from the book which deal with the slave-girls:
“[Hadith] 242. Abu Hurairah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “When a slave-girl commits fornication and this fact of fornication has become evident, she must be given the penalty of (fifty) lashes without hurling reproaches at her; if she does it again, she must be given the penalty but she should not be rebuked. If she does it for the third time, he should sell her, even for a rope woven from hair (i.e., something worthless)”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”
“Commentary: If a slave-girl is guilty of fornication, she is liable to a punishment of fifty stripes, and this punishment can be given by her master. This Hadith is, in fact addressed to the master of such a slave-girl. The order that one should not censure and reproach her is perhaps based on the consideration that she may abstain from such a sin in future because politeness often proves more effective than reproach. If politeness proves ineffective and she commits that sin again then that slave-girl should be sold for cheap.”
“[Hadith] 247. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them), reported in connection with the case of Barirah (May Allah be pleased with her) and her husband: The Prophet (PBUH) said to her, “It is better for you to go back to your husband.” She asked: “O Messenger of Allah, do you order me to do so.” He replied, “I only intercede” She then said: “I have no need for him”. [Al-Bukhari].”
“Commentary: Barirah (May Allah bepleased with her) was a slave-girl of `Aishah (May Allah bepleased with her). Barirah was married to a slave named Mughith (May Allah be pleased with him). She was freed by `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her). Now, Islam has permitted a slave-girl that after being freed, she can break her matrimonial bond if she does not like to live with her husband.”
“Mughith was madly in love with her and he would all the time persuade her not to break their bond of marriage. When the Prophet (PBUH) came to know the condition of Mughith, he interceded for him and asked Barirah to restore her matrimonial connection with her husband. Since this was an advice and recommendation, she did not think it suitable for herself and regretted that she could not accept it. The Hadith evidently shows that Islam accepts legitimate rights of individuals and honours personal freedom, provided they do not exceed the limits of Shari`ah. This freedom cannot be forfeited by suppression or force.”
“[Hadith] 324. It has been narrated that Maimuna bint Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with her) had set free a slave-girl without the Prophet’s permission. When her turn came (the Prophet (PBUH) used to visit his wives in turns), she made mention of that to him saying, “Did you know I have set slave-girl free?” He said, “Have you, indeed?” She replied, “Yes”. He (PBUH) then remarked, “Had you given her to your maternal uncles, you would have your reward increased”.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”
“Commentary: This Hadith brings out the following two points:”
“l) A woman is free to spend anything of her own property without the permission of her husband, but not of things owned by her husband.”
“2) To spend on the needy relatives is more meritorious than to set a slave free because to set a slave free is a Sadaqah (charity) only, while paying Sadaqah to a kinsman has a double merit as it carries the reward of Sadaqah as well as “maintaining the ties of kinship.”
605. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A slave-girl of Al-Madinah would take hold of the hand of the Prophet (PBUH) and take him wherever she desired. [Al-Bukhari].”
“Commentary: This Hadith throws light on the sublime courtesy and unique humbleness of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) as well as his passion to meet the wants of the needy. It provides all the Muslims with a worth-emulating example. The Hadith does not mean that the slave-girl would actually touch the Prophet’s hands, but that he would show humbleness to all kinds of people, be they young or old, rich or poor, men or women.”
“[Hadith] 1365. Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Three kinds of people will have a double reward: A man from the People of the Book who believes in his Prophet and (also) believes in Muhammad; a slave who discharges properly the duties towards Allah and towards his master; and a man who possesses a slave-girl and teaches her manners, educates her well, and frees her and then marries her.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”
“l. Ahlul-Hitab means the people of the Scriptures, that is the Jews and the Christians. This Hadith has an inducement for them that if they embrace Islam, they will be entitled to a double reward.”
“2. Similarly, a sincere and well-wishing slave will also be entitled to a double reward because, on the one side, he obeys his master and bears all the trouble that is involved in his obedience, and on the other side, he also does justice to the worship of Allah.”
“3. Muslims have been enjoined to impart proper education and training to their slaves, especially their slave-girls. In the latter case, they have been advised to liberate and marry them with all the essentials of marriage. That is, they should be given a dower and all other rights to which wives are entitled. There is a double reward for all these types of people.”
“[Hadith] 1563. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, “He who accuses his slave of Zina will receive the punishment (Hadd) of slander on the Day of Resurrection, unless the accusation of Zina was true.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”
“Commentary: On the Day of Judgment, the masters of slaves and slave-girls will be exposed to Hadd-ul-Qadfi (Hadd for accusing someone of adultery) for the reason that they perpetrate all kinds of oppression on their captives and their grievances are not redressed. On the Day of Judgment, when Almighty Allah dispenses justice without any prejudice and favour, He will also do full justice to this oppressed class and those masters, who somehow escaped the punishment on this account in this world. Thus, this Hadith has a stern warning for those masters who are carried away by their might and authority and perpetrate oppression on their servants and slaves.”
“[Hadith] 1603. Abu Ali Suwaid bin Muqarrin (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I was the seventh child of Banu Muqarrin and we had only one slave-girl. When the youngest of us once happened to slap her (on the face) the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) ordered us to set her free. [Muslim].”
“Commentary: It is a serious crime to beat one’s servant or slave. The expiation of this sin is to set the servant or slave free. One is, however, allowed to discipline one’s servants in a suitable manner in which punishment does not exceed the nature of offense committed on their part.”
In a “Syllabus for the Month of March for MGAs and Workers”, ICNA Canada provides selected verses of the Quran and hadiths (traditions containing sayings of Mohammad the prophet of Islam that constitute the major source of guidance).
The syllabus contains verses 1-11 verses of Chapter 23 of the Qurab Al-Mu’minun – The Believers in Arabic and in English accompanied with interpretation:
“Successful indeed are the believers. (1) Those who offer their Salât (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness. (2) And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allâh has forbidden). (3) And those who pay the Zakât. (4) And those who guard their chastity(i.e. Private parts, from illegal sexual acts). (5) Except from their wives or (slaves) that their right hands possess, – for then, they are free from blame; (6) But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors; (7) Those who are faithfully true to their Amanât (all the duties which Allâh has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trusts) and to their covenants; (8) And those who strictly guard their (five compulsory congregational) Salawât (prayers) (at their fixed stated hours). (9) These are indeed the inheritors. (10) Who shall inherit the Firdaus (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever. (11) (Translation by Dr. Mohsin)”
The interpretation of verses 4 and 5, as appears on ICNA Canada’s syllabus, confirms the permission for Muslim men to take a slave woman and to have an intercourse with her.
Islamic ruling on ‘sex slave’
Saudi Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid explains this issue his website islamqa.info (which is recommended by some Islamic organizations in Canada as a valuable source of information):
“Islam allows a man to have intercourse with his slave woman, whether he has a wife or wives or he is not married.
“A slave woman with whom a man has intercourse is known as a sariyyah (concubine) from the word sirr, which means marriage.
“This is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and this was done by the Prophets… Our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also did that, as did the Sahaabah, the righteous and the scholars.
“The scholars are unanimously agreed on that and it is not permissible for anyone to regard it as haraam or to forbid it. Whoever regards that as haraam is a sinner who is going against the consensus of the scholars…
The wife has no right to object to her husband owning female slaves or to his having intercourse with them.”
Free Islamic book at Dundas Square in Toronto explains the “legitimate sources of slaves” according to Islam
The Walk in Islamic Info Center (WIIC), a Toronto-based organization dedicated to Dawah (propagating Islam) activity, has an Islamic booth at Dundas Square in downtown Toronto. Last year activists at the Islamic booth distributed for free the book “Human Rights in Islam and Common Misconceptions.”
The book stipulates “two exceptions as legitimate sources of slaves,” which are “war captives, or prisoners of lawfully declared wars by a Muslim ruler” and “an inherited slave born from two slave parents.” Other sections of the book sanction crucifixion, chopping off thieves’ limbs, stoning adulterers to death, imposing the Jizyah tax on non-Muslim residents and launching to jihad to spread the message of Islam.
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