Note: This post covers American schools, but not universities, from 1954 to 2007:
In the early 1900s most blacks in America were required by law to go to separate schools than whites. These schools got way less money than white schools. Schoolbooks were between old and missing. Many teachers did not even have university degrees.
In 1954 the Supreme Court inBrown v Boardsaid blacks had the right to go to white schools.
In 1965 the president signed Executive Order 11246. It said the government would cut off money to any school that did not make a good faith effort to allow blacks and whites an equal chance to attend. In 1968, 78% of blacks in the South went to schools that were less than 10% white. In 1972 only 25% did.
Busing: A common way to desegregate schools was through busing: by making students…
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