Black Canada: A brief history

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Abagond

haitiMichelleJean Governor General of Canada, Michaelle Jean, hugs Maile Alphonse, March 9th 2010 in Jacmel, Haiti. Alphonse lost her mother Magali in the earthquake who was the godmother of Jean’s daughter Marie-Eden. (Paul Chiasson / THE CANADIAN PRESS)

Disclaimer: This post presents an overview of what I know in 500 words or less. I do not pretend to be an expert! I mostly use present-day place names. Corrections welcomed.

DaCosta_Med

Mathieu Da Costa was the first black person known to set foot in what is now Canada, probably sometime before 1603 with Portuguese explorers. He was from the Benin Empire (Nigeria) and could speak Edo, Portuguese, Dutch, English, French, pidgin Basque and Eastern Algonquin. He later served as an interpreter for Champlain and other French explorers.

Unlike the Caribbean and America, slavery was never big in Canada. Instead:

Blacks came to Canada in four main waves:

blackloyalists

1. Black Loyalists (1780s, 1810s): The…

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American school resegregation

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Abagond

dorothy-counts Dorothy Counts, 1957

Note: This post covers American schools, but not universities, from 1954 to 2007:

In the early 1900s most blacks in America were required by law to go to separate schools than whites. These schools got way less money than white schools. Schoolbooks were between old and missing. Many teachers did not even have university degrees.

In 1954 the Supreme Court inBrown v Boardsaid blacks had the right to go to white schools.

In 1965 the president signed Executive Order 11246. It said the government would cut off money to any school that did not make a good faith effort to allow blacks and whites an equal chance to attend. In 1968, 78% of blacks in the South went to schools that were less than 10% white. In 1972 only 25% did.

Busing: A common way to desegregate schools was through busing: by making students…

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Creeping Islamization: FIFA authorizes wearing of veils and turbans during matches

FIFA, football’s world governing body, authorized Saturday the wearing of head covers for religious purposes during matches after a two-year testing period proved they do not pose a significant risk of injury.

The decision by FIFA will allow female players to wear the veil during games and will be extended to male players after a request from the Sikh community of Canada. Although what men will be allowed to wear will not be the same as what they wear off the pitch.

“It was decided that female players can cover their heads to play,” said Jerome Valcke, FIFA secretary general at a meeting of the International Football Association Board (IFAB), in Zurich, Switzerland.

“It was decided that male players can play with a head cover too. It will be a basic head cover and the color should be the same as the team jersey,” he added.

 

http://rt.com/news/fifa-muslim-veils-football-377/

 

Employees with the St. Paul Police Department can now wear a police-issued hijab headscarf, the Pioneer Press reports.

The department made the announcement Saturday, after hiring its first-ever uniformed Somali female employee this week, the paper says.

http://www.bringmethenews.com/2014/03/01/st-paul-pd-becomes-one-of-nations-first-to-allow-hijab-headscarf/